New Jersey

  Brief timeline of the history of the state of New Jersey
  • 1609: English explorer Henry Hudson sails along the coast of present-day New Jersey while searching for a passage to Asia.
  • 1620s: Dutch settlers establish trading posts and settlements in the region, including Bergen and New Amsterdam (later becoming New York City).
  • 1664: The English seize control of the area from the Dutch and establish the Province of New Jersey, named after the English Channel Island of Jersey.
  • 1776: During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Trenton takes place, where George Washington's forces cross the Delaware River and achieve a pivotal victory over Hessian mercenaries.
  • 1787: New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the United States Constitution, joining the newly formed nation.
  • 1790s: Industrialization begins in New Jersey, with the development of manufacturing, textile mills, and ironworks.
  • 1830s: The Camden and Amboy Railroad is established, connecting New York City and Philadelphia through New Jersey and spurring economic growth and transportation advancements.
  • 1861-1865: New Jersey plays a significant role during the American Civil War, providing troops, resources, and support to the Union cause.
  • Late 19th century: The invention of the phonograph by Thomas Edison in Menlo Park, New Jersey, marks a milestone in the development of audio recording and technology.
  • Early 20th century: New Jersey experiences rapid industrialization and urbanization, particularly in cities like Newark, Jersey City, and Camden.
  • 1920: The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting women the right to vote. New Jersey women had already gained suffrage in state and local elections in 1915.
  • Mid-20th century: New Jersey becomes known as the "Garden State" due to its agricultural output and the prominence of truck farming.
  • 1967: Riots break out in Newark, leading to significant civil unrest and prompting discussions about racial inequality and urban issues.
  • 1980s: Atlantic City experiences a revitalization with the legalization of gambling, leading to the establishment of casinos and becoming a popular tourist destination.
  • Today, New Jersey is known for its diverse industries, including pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, finance, and tourism. It is located in close proximity to major metropolitan areas like New York City and Philadelphia.

New Jersey holds a rich history as one of the original 13 colonies. Settled by the Dutch and Swedes in the 17th century, it later played a pivotal role in the American Revolution, witnessing key events like George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River and the Battle of Trenton. Today, New Jersey preserves its colonial legacy through historic sites and landmarks that offer a glimpse into its past. From Revolutionary War battlegrounds to well-preserved historic homes, the state's historical significance is deeply rooted.