I love Vermont because of her hills and valleys, her scenery, and invigorating climate.
Vermont, situated in the northeastern United States, has a rich historical tapestry. Originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Abenaki tribe, European settlement began in the early 18th century. After being claimed by both New York and New Hampshire, Vermont declared its independence in 1777 and established itself as the Vermont Republic, a separate entity outside British rule. It remained an independent republic until 1791, when it became the 14th state in the Union. Throughout its history, Vermont was known for its strong agricultural base, including dairy farming, and its progressive values, becoming the first state to abolish slavery in its constitution. Today, Vermont is celebrated for its natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and its reputation as a haven for artists, thinkers, and environmentally conscious communities.
Brief timeline of the history of the state of Vermont:

  • 1609: French explorer Samuel de Champlain visits the region and claims the area for France.
  • 1724: The first European settlement, Fort Dummer, is established in present-day Vermont by the English.
  • 1777: Vermont declares independence from New York and establishes the Vermont Republic, becoming the first territory to abolish slavery in the Americas.
  • 1791: Vermont becomes the 14th state to join the United States.
  • Early 19th century: Vermont experiences agricultural expansion and industrialization, with the growth of industries such as lumbering, textile manufacturing, and marble quarrying.
  • 1830s-1840s: Vermont becomes a hotbed of the anti-slavery movement and contributes significantly to the Underground Railroad.
  • 1861-1865: Vermont provides substantial support to the Union during the American Civil War, contributing soldiers, supplies, and leaders to the war effort.
  • Late 19th century: Vermont's economy diversifies, with the development of industries such as dairy farming, granite quarrying, and tourism.
  • 1902: The first national park in the United States, now known as the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park, is established in Vermont.
  • Early 20th century: Vermont experiences political and social progressivism, with advancements in areas such as labor rights, education, and environmental conservation.
  • 1931: The Vermont State House, designed by architect Thomas Silloway, is completed and remains one of the nation's oldest and best-preserved state capitol buildings.
  • Late 20th century: Vermont becomes known for its progressive policies, including being the first state to legalize civil unions for same-sex couples in 2000 and eventually legalizing same-sex marriage in 2009.
  • Today, Vermont is known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, maple syrup production, and commitment to environmental conservation. The state's economy is diverse, with sectors such as agriculture, tourism, healthcare, and technology playing significant roles.