National Register Listings in
Rutland County, Vermont

Allen, Nathan, House Baxter, H. H., Memorial Library Benson Village Braintree School Brandon State School Brandon Village Historic District Bridge 4 Brown Bridge Brown Covered Bridge Castleton Medical College Building Castleton Village Historic District Chaffee-Moloney Houses Clarendon Congregational Church Clarendon House Clementwood Colburn Bridge Cold River Bridge Cooley Covered Bridge Crowley Cheese Factory Danby Village Historic District Dean Covered Bridge Depot Covered Bridge East Clarendon Railroad Station East Poultney Historic District Fair Haven Green Historic District Forestdale Iron Furnace Fort Vengeance Monument Site Fox-Cook Farm Gifford Woods State Park Gorham Covered Bridge Green Mountain Cottage Hager Farm Hall, Gen. Robinson, House Hammond Covered Bridge Hosford-Sherman Farm Hubbardton Battlefield Hulett Farm Hyde's Hotel Hydeville School Immaculate Heart of Mary School Kazon Building Kidder, Asahel, House Kingsley Covered Bridge Kingsley Grist Mill Historic District Laurel Glen Mausoleum-Laurel Hall Linden Terrace Longfellow School Marble Bridge Marble Street Historic District Middletown Springs Historic District Mission of the Church of Our Savior Mountain View Stock Farm Palmer, Thomas H., House Pawlet Town Hall Perkins, Arthur, House Pittsford Green Historic District Poultney Central School Poultney Main Street Historic District Proctor-Clement House Rural Otter Creek Valley Historic District Rutland Courthouse Historic District Rutland Downtown Historic District Sanderson Covered Bridge Scoville, Anthony, House Smith, Simeon, House Smith, Simeon, Mansion St. Peter's Church and Mount St. Joseph Convent Complex St. Stanislaus Kostka School and Convent House Sudbury Congregational Church Sudbury School No. 3 Tinmouth Historic District Waldo, Homer, Farm Wallingford Main Street Historic District Watkins School Wells Village School West Haven Baptist Church West Rutland Town Hall
Vermont was home to the first American-born saint: Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton, who was born in New York City in 1774, spent time living in the town of Emmitsburg, Vermont. She later became the first American-born saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
Rutland County, located in the southern part of Vermont, has a rich history dating back to the 18th century. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Abenaki tribe. European settlement began in the mid-1700s when New England colonists ventured into the region.

The county began to flourish with the arrival of the railroad in the mid-19th century, which led to a boom in industry and commerce. Rutland became a major transportation hub, connecting the rural communities of Vermont with larger cities like Boston and New York. With the railroad came a significant increase in population, as people migrated to the area in search of new opportunities.

Rutland County was known for its manufacturing prowess in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The region's natural resources, including marble and slate, drove the growth of industries such as stone quarrying and mining. Marble extracted from Rutland County was used in notable architectural projects across the country, including the New York Public Library and the Arlington National Cemetery.

The decline of the railroad industry, along with changing economic factors, posed challenges for Rutland County in the 20th century. The phasing out of steam locomotives and the rise of the automobile necessitated the development of new industries to sustain the county's economy. Today, Rutland County has diversified its economic base, with sectors such as healthcare, education, tourism, and manufacturing playing significant roles in the local economy. The county continues to honor its rich history while looking towards the future with optimism.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Rutland County, Vermont.

  • 1761 - Rutland County is chartered and established as a county in the state of Vermont
  • 1792 - Rutland becomes the third county seat, after Wallingford and Castleton
  • 1835 - The Rutland Railroad begins service, connecting Rutland to other parts of Vermont and New York
  • 1861-1865 - Rutland County residents actively participate in the American Civil War
  • 1894 - Rutland City is incorporated as a city within Rutland County
  • 1946 - Vermont State Fair moves to Rutland, boosting the local economy and tourism
  • 1955 - Rutland becomes the first city in Vermont to have a broadcasting television station
  • 1970s - Rutland County experiences significant population growth and development
  • 1980 - Proctor Marble Museum opens, showcasing the county's historic marble industry
  • 2011 - The Vermont State Fair celebrates its 165th anniversary