Pre-1604: Various Native American tribes, including the Abenaki, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot, inhabit the region now known as Maine.
1604: French explorer Samuel de Champlain visits the coast of Maine.
Early 17th century: English fishermen establish seasonal fishing settlements along the coast, competing with the French for control of the region.
1675-1678: The region experiences conflicts during King Philip's War, as Native American tribes and English settlers clash.
1691: Maine becomes a part of the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
Late 18th century: Maine plays a role in the American Revolutionary War, with battles fought in the region, including the Battle of Machias.
1820: Maine becomes the 23rd state of the United States on March 15, as part of the Missouri Compromise.
Early 19th century: Maine's economy thrives with the growth of industries such as shipbuilding, lumbering, and fishing. Portland becomes a major port.
Mid-19th century: Maine's location on the northeastern coast makes it a significant player in the maritime trade and shipping industry.
Late 19th century: Maine experiences industrialization, particularly in the production of textiles, shoes, and paper. Tourism also becomes an important industry, with visitors drawn to the state's natural beauty.
Early 20th century: Maine faces economic challenges, including the decline of traditional industries. Efforts are made to diversify the economy, with the growth of manufacturing and tourism.
Late 20th century: Maine becomes known for its environmental conservation efforts and outdoor recreation opportunities. The state's natural resources, including its forests, lakes, and coastline, become important assets for tourism and outdoor enthusiasts.
Present: Maine continues to be renowned for its scenic beauty, outdoor activities, and its seafood industry. It is known for attractions such as Acadia National Park and the historic coastal towns.
This timeline provides a glimpse into the history of Maine, from its early Native American inhabitants to its statehood and development as a diverse and nature-oriented state. The state's rugged coastline, picturesque landscapes, and maritime heritage have contributed to its distinct character and appeal.