Historical Markers in
Oxford County, Maine

Maine is the birthplace of Hannibal Hamlin: Hannibal Hamlin, who was born in Paris, Maine in 1809, served as the 15th Vice President of the United States under President Abraham Lincoln.
Oxford County, located in the western part of the state of Maine, has a rich and vibrant history dating back to its early settlement in the late 18th century. The region was originally inhabited by the Native American Abenaki tribe. However, in the late 1700s, European settlers began to establish towns and communities in the area.

The county was officially incorporated in 1805 and named after the prestigious University of Oxford in England. The early settlers primarily relied on agriculture, logging, and the abundance of natural resources, such as wood and minerals found in the region. The towns of Paris, Norway, and Fryeburg, among others, flourished during this time as economic centers.

One significant event in Oxford County's history occurred during the 19th century when the region experienced a boom in the textile industry. Several textile mills were established along the Androscoggin River, attracting a large number of immigrants, particularly from Ireland and Quebec, who sought employment in the mills. The textile industry played a crucial role in the county's economy for many years.

In the 20th century, Oxford County's economy diversified with the growth of tourism as a major industry. The county's beautiful landscapes, including the popular ski resorts in the towns of Bethel and Newry, attracted visitors from near and far. In addition to tourism, other industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and education became significant contributors to the county's economy.

Today, Oxford County continues to thrive with a mix of rural charm and economic growth. Its rich history, stunning natural scenery, and diverse economy make it an appealing destination for residents and tourists alike. The county's commitment to preserving its heritage can be seen in the numerous museums, historic sites, and community events that celebrate its past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Oxford County, Maine.

  • 1791 - Oxford County is established as a part of Massachusetts
  • 1820 - Maine becomes a separate state, and Oxford County becomes a part of Maine
  • 1830 - The town of Norway is incorporated
  • 1836 - The town of Oxford is incorporated
  • 1862 - Oxford County is reduced in size when Androscoggin County is created
  • 1885 - The town of Bethel is incorporated
  • 1895 - The town of Fryeburg is incorporated
  • 1968 - The town of Paris becomes the county seat
  • 1983 - The towns of Brownfield, Denmark, Hiram, Lovell, Porter, and Stoneham are incorporated
  • 2005 - The town of Roxbury merges with Byron to form the unorganized territory of Roxbury