National Register Listings in
Hancock County, Maine

Abbe, Robert, Museum of Stone Antiquities Agassiz Bedrock Outcrop Baker Island Light Station Barncastle Bass Harbor Head Light Station Bass Harbor Memorial Library Bear Island Light Station Beth Eden Chapel Black Mansion Blackwoods Campground Blue Hill Historic District BOWDOIN (schooner) Brick School House Brooklin IOOF Hall Brown-Pilsbury Double House Buck Memorial Library Bucksport Railroad Station Burnt Coat Harbor Light Station Carriage Paths, Bridges and Gatehouses Castine Historic District Cate House Church of Our Father Claremont Hotel Cleftstone Cover Farm Criterion Theatre Dix Family Stable Duck Cove School East Blue Hill Library East Blue Hill Post Office Eastbrook Baptist Church and Eastbrook Town House Edgecliff Eegonos Egg Rock Light Station Ellsworth City Hall Ellsworth Congregational Church Ellsworth Power House and Dam Elm Street Congregational Church and Parish House Emery, James, House Farm House, The First Baptist Church First Baptist Church Fort George Free Baptist Church of Great Pond, The Garland Farm Gilman, Daniel Coit, Summer Home Grand, The Granite Store Great Duck Island Light Station Hammond, Edward J., Hall Hancock County Jail Hancock Point School Harbor Lane-Eden Street Historic District Haskell, Squire Ignatius, House Haystack Mountain School of Crafts Heywood, Phineas, House Higgins Barn Highseas Hulls Cove High School Islesford Historical Museum and Blue Ducks Ships Store Jarvis, Col. Charles and Mary Ann, Homestead Jesup Memorial Library Jonathan Fisher Memorial Jordon, Col, Meltiah, House Kane, John Innes, Cottage Lucerne Inn Moore-Mayo House Mount Desert Light Station Nannau Nazi Spy Landing Site Off-the-Neck Historic District Old Hancock County Buildings Old Red Store Olmsted, Frederick Law, Summer Home Parker House Perkins, John, House Peters, John, House Powers, Peter, House Prospect Harbor Light Station Prouty, Jed, Tavern and Inn Pumpkin Island Light Station Raventhorp Redwood Reverie Cove Robertson Quarry Galamander Rural Hall Saint Jude's Episcopal Church Saint Saviour's Episcopal Church and Rectory Schoodic Peninsula Historic District (Additional Documentation) Sea Change Seal Harbor Congregational Church Seawall Campground Sedgwick Historic District Sellers, Salome, House Shore Acres Soderholtz, Eric E., Cottage Somesville Historic District Sorrento Library Sound Schoolhouse Sproul's Cafe St. Edward's Convent, (Former) St. Mary's-By-The-Sea Stanwood Homestead Stone Barn Farm Stonington Opera House Surry Town Hall Surry Village School Topside Turrets, The U.S. Naval Radio Station-Apartment Building and Power House Union Church of Northeast Harbor US Post Office-Bar Harbor Main West Brooksville Congregational Church West Gouldsboro Union Church West Gouldsboro Village Library West Street Historic District White, E. B., House Whiting, Samuel Kidder, House Wilson Hall Winter Harbor Light Station
Maine has a unique lobstering tradition: Lobstering is a way of life in Maine, and it has been for generations. Lobstering was once considered a lowly profession, but now it is a highly respected and lucrative industry. Maine lobsters are renowned for their sweet flavor and are considered a delicacy around the world.
Hancock County, located in the state of Maine, has a rich and varied history that stretches back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Indigenous peoples, specifically by the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy tribes, who relied on fishing, hunting, and gathering for their livelihood. European settlement began in the early 17th century, with the arrival of French and English explorers and fur traders, who established trading posts along the coast.

In the 18th century, Hancock County saw an influx of European settlers, predominantly from England and Scotland. The region played a significant role in the American Revolution, with many local residents participating in the war effort. In 1789, Hancock County was officially established, named after John Hancock, a prominent Founding Father and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

During the 19th century, Hancock County experienced rapid growth and development. Industries such as fishing, shipbuilding, and lumbering thrived, thanks to the county's abundant natural resources and access to shipping routes. The city of Ellsworth became the county seat and a major center of commerce. Tourism also began to play a significant role, with wealthy visitors coming to admire the beautiful coastal landscapes and enjoy the summer resorts and cottages that sprang up along the shores.

In the 20th century, Hancock County continued to evolve. The decline of traditional industries such as fishing and shipbuilding led to a shift towards a more service-based economy, with an emphasis on tourism, education, and healthcare. The county is also home to Acadia National Park, one of the most visited national parks in the United States, which further bolstered the region's popularity as a tourist destination. Today, Hancock County remains a vibrant and picturesque area, offering a blend of historical charm and natural beauty.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Hancock County, Maine.

  • 1604: French explorer Samuel de Champlain visits the area now known as Hancock County.
  • 1613: The French establish a trading post on Mount Desert Island.
  • 1629: The French trading post is destroyed by the English.
  • 1763: The Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War, and the area becomes part of the British colony of Massachusetts.
  • 1765: The town of Hancock is incorporated.
  • 1789: The District of Maine secedes from Massachusetts and becomes part of the United States.
  • 1789-1820: The area experiences rapid settlement and growth.
  • 1827: The town of Ellsworth is incorporated.
  • 1848: The town of Bar Harbor is incorporated.
  • 1852: The town of Bucksport is incorporated.
  • 1861-1865: The American Civil War affects Hancock County, with many residents serving in the Union Army.
  • 1870s: The region becomes a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from across the United States.
  • 1909: Acadia National Park is established, protecting large areas of Mount Desert Island.
  • 1918: The Great Fire of 1918 devastates large parts of Hancock County, including Bar Harbor.
  • 1947: The town of Stinson Beach is incorporated.
  • 1959: The town of Blue Hill is incorporated.
  • Present: The region continues to thrive as a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities.