National Register Listings in
Knox County, Maine

Alden, Ebenezer, House American Boathouse AMERICAN EAGLE (schooner) Beechnut Hut Historic District BLACKJACK (friendship sloop) Browns Head Light Station Camden Amphitheatre and Public Library Camden Great Fire Historic District Camden Opera House Block Camden Yacht Club Chestnut Street Historic District Common, The Conway House Curtis Island Light Dunn & Elliot Sail Loft Farnsworth Homestead Finnish Congregational Church and Parsonage Georges River Canal Goose Rocks Light Station GRACE BAILEY (two-masted schooner) Grant, Gooden, House Gushee Family House Herald Building Heron Neck Light Station High Street Historic District High Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) Indian Island Light Station ISAAC H. EVANS (schooner) Isle Au Haut Light Station J. & E. RIGGIN (schooner) Knox County Courthouse Lermond Mill LEWIS R. FRENCH (schooner) Main Street Historic District Main Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) Manana Island Fog Signal Station Marshall Point Light Station Matinicus Rock Light Station Maxcy, Joseph and Hannah, Homestead Mequnticook Golf Club MERCANTILE (schooner) MERCANTILE (two-masted schooner) Mosquito Island House Mt. Battie Tower Murch Family House Norumbega Norumbega Carriage House Olson House Owls Head Light Station Pleasant River Grange No. 492 Rankin Block Rockland Breakwater Rockland Breakwater Lighthouse Rockland Public Library Rockland Railroad Station Rockland Residential Historic District Rockland Turntable and Engine House Rockport Historic District Rockport Historic Kiln Area Saddleback Ledge Light Station Sail Loft Security Trust Building Singhi Double House Spite House Star of Hope Lodge STEPHEN TABER (schooner) Strand Theatre SURPRISE (schooner) Thomaston Historic District Thorndike, George, House Tillson Farm Barn Tillson, Gen. Davis, House TIMBERWIND (Schooner) Tolman Cemetery Union Church of Vinalhaven Union Meeting House, (Appleton) Union Town House (Former) US Post Office-Camden Main VICTORY CHIMES (Schooner) Vinalhaven Galamander, The Vinalhaven Public Library Webster, Moses, House WENDAMEEN (Yacht) Wharf House Whitehead Lifesaving Station Whitehead Light Station Whitney Farm Williams, Timothy and Jane, House
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Maine has a strong maritime heritage: Maine has a rich maritime heritage that is evident in its lighthouses, fishing villages, and seafaring traditions. The state has over 60 lighthouses, more than any other state in the country.
Knox County, located in the midcoast region of Maine, has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. The area was originally inhabited by the Penobscot and Abenaki Native American tribes, who had a strong presence along the coast. European exploration and settlement began in the 17th century, when British traders arrived, followed by French and Dutch settlers.

In the early 18th century, Knox County was part of the contested border region between British and French territories. The area played a significant role in the French and Indian War, with Fort St. George (now Thomaston) being a strategic location for both sides. British forces eventually gained control over the area, establishing settlements and forts to protect their interests.

The 19th century brought prosperity to Knox County through shipbuilding and maritime trade. Several towns along the coast, such as Rockland and Camden, thrived as major commercial centers. The granite industry also boomed during this time, with many local quarries supplying building materials for cities like Boston and New York. The county was named after Henry Knox, a Revolutionary War general and the first U.S. Secretary of War.

In the 20th century, Knox County continued to be a hub of maritime activity, but the decline of the shipping industry and the Great Depression had a significant impact. However, the area experienced a revival in the later years, with the development of tourism and a focus on preserving its natural beauty and historic sites. Today, Knox County is known for its picturesque coastal towns, historic lighthouses, and scenic landscapes that attract visitors from near and far.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Knox County, Maine.

  • 1790: Knox County was established by the Massachusetts State Legislature.
  • 1792: Thomaston was incorporated as a town.
  • 1796: Camden was incorporated as a town.
  • 1826: The Knox and Waldo Canal was completed, connecting Thomaston and Belfast.
  • 1854: Rockland was incorporated as a city.
  • 1871: The Maine State Prison was built in Thomaston.
  • 1903: The Knox County Courthouse was constructed in Rockland.
  • 1940s: The defense industry boomed in Knox County during World War II.
  • 1980s: The economy shifted towards tourism and service industries.
  • 2000s: Knox County experienced population growth and increased development.