National Register Listings in
Middlesex County, New Jersey

Agnew, Thomas I., House Ayers-Allen House Barron Library Bishop, James, House Buccleuch Mansion Cedar Grove School Christ Episcopal Church Cranbury Historic District Demarest House Dutch Reformed Church Edison, Thomas A., Memorial Tower Ensley-Mount-Buckalew House First Presbyterian Church and Cemetery Fitz-Randolph, Ephraim, House Freeman, Mary Wilkins, House Goldman House Great Beds Light Station Guest, Henry, House Gulick House Helme, G. W., Snuff Mill District Holmes-Tallman House Inness, George, House Ivy Hall Jarrard, Levi D., House Johnson, William H., House Kearney, Edward S., House Kearny, Lawrence, House King Block King's Highway Historic District Laing House of Plainfield Plantation Livingston Avenue Historic District Livingston Homestead Livingston Manor Historic District Main Post Office Metlar House Metuchen Borough Hall Middlesex Avenue-Woodwild Park Historic District Milltown India Rubber Company National Musical String Company New Brunswick Station New Jersey Hall Old Bridge Historic District Old Cranbury School Old Queen's Old School Baptist Church and Cemetery Onderdonk, Isaac, House Perth Amboy City Hall and Surveyor General's Office Perth Amboy Ferry Slip Perth Amboy Station Poile Zedek Synagogue Princeton Nurseries Historic District Proprietary House Queen's Campus, Rutgers University Randolphville Bridge Road Up Raritan Historic District Roosevelt Hospital Rutgers Preparatory School Saint Mary of Mount Virgin Roman Catholic Church Saint Peter the Apostle Church Sayre and Fisher Reading Room Shotwell, Benjamin, House Simpson United Methodist Church Smock, Matthias, House St. Mary's Church St. Peter's Episcopal Church St. Peters Church and Buildings Trinity Episcopal Church United States Post Office White, Joseph and Minnie, House Wicoff, John Van Buren, House Withington Estate Wood Lawn
The Great Falls of the Passaic River in Paterson, New Jersey, played a key role in the early development of the American industrial revolution. Alexander Hamilton, one of the founding fathers of the United States, helped to develop the first water-powered cotton spinning mill in Paterson in 1791.
Middlesex County, New Jersey has a rich history that dates back to the early 17th century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Lenape people, who lived off the land and had a complex social structure. However, the arrival of European colonists changed the landscape of the region.

In 1664, English settlers led by Sir George Carteret took control of the area, establishing the Province of New Jersey. The land was divided into various counties, and Middlesex County was officially created in 1683. The county was named after the historic county of Middlesex in England. Early settlements in the area included New Brunswick, Perth Amboy, and Woodbridge.

During the American Revolutionary War, Middlesex County played a significant role. Perth Amboy served as a strategic location for British troops, and General George Washington's army crossed the Raritan River in New Brunswick. The county was also home to important patriot leaders, such as John and William Livingston, who were instrumental in the fight for independence.

As the 19th century progressed, Middlesex County experienced rapid industrialization. The construction of canals and railroads facilitated trade and transportation, leading to the growth of manufacturing and agriculture. The county became known for its textile mills, ironworks, and pottery factories. Immigrants from Europe, particularly Ireland and Germany, flocked to the area for job opportunities.

In the 20th century, Middlesex County continued to evolve and diversify. It became a hub for pharmaceutical companies, with major corporations setting up headquarters and research facilities in the county. The county also witnessed suburbanization, with the population spreading beyond the urban centers. Today, Middlesex County is a bustling and diverse region, known for its rich history, thriving economy, and vibrant communities.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Middlesex County, New Jersey.

  • 1675 - Middlesex County, NJ is established.
  • 1746 - New Brunswick, the largest city in Middlesex County, is founded.
  • 1766 - Rutgers University is chartered in New Brunswick.
  • 1790 - Perth Amboy becomes the county seat of Middlesex County.
  • 1836 - Piscataway Township is incorporated in Middlesex County.
  • 1854 - Woodbridge Township is incorporated in Middlesex County.
  • 1860 - South Plainfield is established as an independent borough in Middlesex County.
  • 1869 - Edison Township is formed from portions of Woodbridge and Piscataway townships in Middlesex County.
  • 1899 - Old Bridge Township is formed from parts of East Brunswick and South Amboy in Middlesex County.
  • 1955 - East Brunswick becomes an independent township in Middlesex County.
  • 1970 - Carteret becomes a borough in Middlesex County.
  • 1981 - Monroe Township is established in Middlesex County.
  • 1994 - Cranbury Township is formed from parts of South Brunswick and Monroe Township in Middlesex County.