Historical Markers in
Middlesex County, New Jersey

125 Freeman Street 125 Green Street 1950 South Amboy Explosion 247 Green Street 44 Green Street 510 East Avenue A Snapshot of Woodbridge History Aaron Dunn Homestead/Jost-Keating House Adath Israel Synagogue African-American Contributions Air-Inflated Double-Layer Polyethylene Greenhouse Alexander Hamilton Horse Artillery Battery Alexander Johnston Hall All Shapes, Sizes and Materials Ambo Point Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple Arthur Kill / Staten Island Sound Barron Arts Center Barron Estate Barron House Barron Library Basilone Memorial Bridge Basilone Memorial Bridge Bloomfield House c. 1750 Borough of Helmetta Boynton Beach & Sewaren House Hotel Boynton Beach Popular Seaside Resort Brigadier General Anthony Walton White grave marker Buccleuch Buccleuch Mansion Burial site of "Elsie" Camp Kilmer Cannon Brothers' Park Captain Henrik Kurt Carlsen Cedar Cliff Christ Church Christ Church Parish City Hall Class of 1924 Memorial College Hall Colonia Country Club Colonia Memorials Colonia Triangle Colonia Triangle & Colonia Library Colored Burial Ground Cooper-Neuberg House Cooper’s Dairy Farm Cranberry Mills Cross Keys Tavern Cross Keys Tavern Cuban Howitzer Daniel S. Schanck Observatory Danish Home Dedicated to You, A Free Citizen in a Free Land Devonshire Dey Farm Historic Site Monroe Township Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Dr. Moses Bloomfield House Eisenhower Tree Elizabeth Lawrence Embassy Theatre Enslavement and the Trans-Atlantic Human Trade First Air Mail Delivery Flight in New Jersey First Baptist Church of South Plainfield First College Football Game First Congregational Church First Constitutional Convention in New Jersey First Presbyterian Church First Presbyterian Church First Presbyterian Church Cemetery First Presbyterian Church of Woodbridge First Presbyterian Church of Woodbridge Fitz Randolph-Csaki House Frelinghuysen Hall Fulton Street Neighborhood Fulton Street Train Wreck General George Washington General Nathaniel Heard Geology Hall George Washington George Washington’s Inauguration Gorham Boynton House Governor’s House Great Woodbridge Train Wreck of 1951 Guest House Hampton Cutter Mansion Hardenbergh Hall Henry Inman Historic Green Street Invention of the Band-Aid Isaac Inslee Estates J J Bitting Coal and Feed Depot J.V.B. Wicoff Elementary School Jonathan Dunham House Kearny Cottage Kearny Cottage: Historic Home Kirk Green Kirkpatrick Chapel L.J. Smith Farmhouse Landing Lane Bridge - 1895 Lawrence Tennant Ballard Leisure in the Good Old Days M.D. Valentine & Brothers Market Square Men of Rutgers College Methodist Episcopal Church & Parsonage Milestones in Microbiology Monroe Township Memorial Park New Brunswick New Brunswick Civil War Monument New Brunswick Inn Site New Brunswick Sailors New Brunswick Station NJ POW Memorial Oak Tree Pond Old Queens Old School Baptist Church Old St. Mary’s High School Oldest Parish in the State On This High Ground Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parsonage Barn Paul Robeson Perth Amboy Perth Amboy Barracks & Inventors’ Institute Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy Totenville Ferry Slip Police Athletic League Memorial Field Proprietary House Purple Heart Memorial Purple Heart Memorial Quaker Meeting House Queen’s Campus Queen’s Campus Queen’s College Raritan Bay & New York Harbor Raritan Landing Record Office Revolutionary Soldiers and Patriots of Woodbridge Revolutionary War Battles in Woodbridge Revolutionary War Skirmishes in the Area Route Taken by Washington Rutgers 9/11 Memorial S.W. Phillips Grist & Saw Mill Saint James Church Salamander Works Samptown Cemetery Sarah B. Jordan Boarding House Sayre & Fisher Reading Room Sayre and Fisher Brick Water Tower Sayreville 9-11 Memorial Sayreville United Methodist Church Sayreville, New Jersey Time Capsule School Number 1 Scudders Mills Selman Waksman and Antibiotics Sewaren Free Public Library Shinn-Woodbridge Airport Signal Hill Site of Encampment Site of House of Dr. Hezekiah Stites Soldiers and Sailors Monument South Main Street Firehouse South River World War I Memorial South River World War II, Korean Conflict, and Vietnam Conflict Memorial Spotswood Mills Spotswood’s 1832 Camden & Amboy Railroad Memorial SSgt. Frank Z. Molnar St. Anthony of Padua Parish, Port Reading St. James Roman Catholic Parish St. James School St. John's Episcopal Church St. Peter The Apostle University & Community Parish St. Peter's Episcopal Church St. Peter’s Church St. Peter’s Episcopal Church & Cemetery Star Eagle Section Surveyor General's Office The Appleby Devoe Memorial Library The Bell Shall Not Toll The Bill of Rights Arch The Birthplace of College Football The Bluff: Witness to History The Clay-and-Brick Industry The Cranbury Dam The Earl of Perth The First Classes of Queen's College (Rutgers University) The First Presbyterian Church and Cemetery The Historic Community of Raritan Landing The Indian Trail The Invention of the Phonograph The Jewish Agricultural Society The Oak Tree Engagement and the Battle of the Short Hills The Oak Tree Neighborhood The Parish Community of St. James The Perth Amboy Fireman's Triangle Forged 1883 The Polish Veterans of World War II, Post 40 The Raritan River The Ravine Bridge The Reformed Dutch Church founded Queens College The Reuben Ayers House The Second Presbyterian Church of Cranbury The Second World War Memorial The Titus Farm The Water Highway The Woman’s Club of Fords Theological Education in Old Queens Thomas Alva Edison Memorial Tower Thomas Alva Edison Menlo Park Memorial Thomas Alva Edison’s Menlo Park Invention Factory Thomas Edison and the Electric Railway Thomas Edison’s Office 1879 to 1884 Thomas Mundy Peterson Thomas Mundy Peterson School Todd Beamer Trinity Church Trinity Churchyard Trinity Episcopal Church Trinity Episcopal Church Trinity Episcopal Church United States Post Office United States Post Office Van Nest Hall William Cutter House Will’s Way Winants Hall Woodbridge Woodbridge Cloverleaf Woodbridge Creek (East) Mitigation Area Woodbridge Golden Bears Woodbridge High School Woodbridge History Trail Woodbridge Police Memorial Woodbridge Speedway Woodbridge Township Woodbridge Township Municipal Building Woodbridge United Methodist Church Woodbridge War Memorial You'll Do Lobelia "The Broker"
The United States Army's Fort Dix, located in New Jersey, served as a major training and staging ground for American troops during both World War I and World War II.
Middlesex County, New Jersey has a rich history that dates back to the early 17th century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Lenape people, who lived off the land and had a complex social structure. However, the arrival of European colonists changed the landscape of the region.

In 1664, English settlers led by Sir George Carteret took control of the area, establishing the Province of New Jersey. The land was divided into various counties, and Middlesex County was officially created in 1683. The county was named after the historic county of Middlesex in England. Early settlements in the area included New Brunswick, Perth Amboy, and Woodbridge.

During the American Revolutionary War, Middlesex County played a significant role. Perth Amboy served as a strategic location for British troops, and General George Washington's army crossed the Raritan River in New Brunswick. The county was also home to important patriot leaders, such as John and William Livingston, who were instrumental in the fight for independence.

As the 19th century progressed, Middlesex County experienced rapid industrialization. The construction of canals and railroads facilitated trade and transportation, leading to the growth of manufacturing and agriculture. The county became known for its textile mills, ironworks, and pottery factories. Immigrants from Europe, particularly Ireland and Germany, flocked to the area for job opportunities.

In the 20th century, Middlesex County continued to evolve and diversify. It became a hub for pharmaceutical companies, with major corporations setting up headquarters and research facilities in the county. The county also witnessed suburbanization, with the population spreading beyond the urban centers. Today, Middlesex County is a bustling and diverse region, known for its rich history, thriving economy, and vibrant communities.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Middlesex County, New Jersey.

  • 1675 - Middlesex County, NJ is established.
  • 1746 - New Brunswick, the largest city in Middlesex County, is founded.
  • 1766 - Rutgers University is chartered in New Brunswick.
  • 1790 - Perth Amboy becomes the county seat of Middlesex County.
  • 1836 - Piscataway Township is incorporated in Middlesex County.
  • 1854 - Woodbridge Township is incorporated in Middlesex County.
  • 1860 - South Plainfield is established as an independent borough in Middlesex County.
  • 1869 - Edison Township is formed from portions of Woodbridge and Piscataway townships in Middlesex County.
  • 1899 - Old Bridge Township is formed from parts of East Brunswick and South Amboy in Middlesex County.
  • 1955 - East Brunswick becomes an independent township in Middlesex County.
  • 1970 - Carteret becomes a borough in Middlesex County.
  • 1981 - Monroe Township is established in Middlesex County.
  • 1994 - Cranbury Township is formed from parts of South Brunswick and Monroe Township in Middlesex County.