National Register Listings in
Union County, New Jersey

All Souls Church Badgley House and Site Baltusrol Golf Club Belcher-Ogden House Belcher-Ogden Mansion-Price, Benjamin-Price-Brittan Houses District Boxwood Hall Burial Ground of the Presbyterian Church in the West Fields of Elizabethtown Caldwell Parsonage Cedar Brook Park Central Railroad of New Jersey Crane-Phillips House Crescent Area Historic District De Camp, John, House Drake, Nathaniel, House Droeschers Mill Elizabeth Station Evergreen Cemetery Fanwood Park Historic District Feltville Historic District Firehouse No. 4 First Congregation of the Presbyterian Church at Springfield First Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth First Presbyterian Congregation of Connecticut Farms Fowler, Charles N., House Frazee, Elizabeth and Gershom, House Grace Episcopal Church Green Brook Park Hetfield, Deacon Andrew, House Hillside Avenue Historic District Homestead Farm at Oak Ridge Hutchings Homestead Liberty Hall (Livingston, Gov. William, House) Littel-Lord Farmstead Merchants' and Drovers' Tavern Mid-Town Historic District Miller-Cory House Murray Hill Station Netherwood Station Nitschke, Oswald J., House North Avenue Commercial District North Avenue Commercial Historic District Old Baptist Parsonage Plainfield Central Fire Headquarters Plainfield Civic District Plainfield Station Rahway Theatre Reeve, William Edgar, House Saint Mary's Catholic Church Complex Sayre Homestead Scotch Plains Baptist Church, Parsonage and Cemetery Scotch Plains School Seventeenth Century Clark House Smith, Nathaniel, House St. John's Parsonage Stage House Inn Stoneleigh Park Historic District Strong, George A., House Summit Downtown Historic District Summit Playhouse The Clearing Townley, James, House Twin Maples Union County Park Commission Administration Buildings Van Wyck Brooks Historic District Wallace Chapel AME Zion Church Waring, Orville, T., House Westfield Fire Headquarters Whyman House Woodruff House Young Women's Christian Association of Plainfield and North Plainfield
The Hindenburg disaster, one of the most famous airship accidents in history, occurred in New Jersey in 1937. The German airship caught fire and crashed while attempting to dock at the Naval Air Station in Lakehurst.
Union County, located in New Jersey, has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. The area was originally inhabited by the Lenape Native American tribe before being settled by Dutch and English colonists in the late 17th century. During the American Revolution, Union County played a significant role, with several battles and clashes taking place within its borders.

In the early 19th century, Union County experienced rapid industrialization, fueled by the expansion of railroads and the growth of manufacturing. Cities like Elizabeth and Rahway became major centers of industry, attracting immigrants from various European countries. This period of growth also saw the establishment of institutions like Kean University, which provided education and cultural opportunities to the residents of the county.

The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw the rise of suburbanization in Union County, with many wealthy families relocating from the cities to the more spacious and peaceful suburbs. This led to the construction of beautiful residential neighborhoods and the development of a strong middle-class community. Notable landmarks, such as the Union County Courthouse and the Union County Arts Center, were also built during this time.

In recent decades, Union County has continued to evolve and adapt to the changing times. The county has invested in revitalization efforts, focusing on urban redevelopment, preservation of historic sites, and the enhancement of cultural and recreational opportunities. Today, Union County is a vibrant and diverse community, with a strong sense of history and an ongoing commitment to progress and innovation.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Union County, New Jersey.

  • 1664 - Union County is settled by the English and becomes part of the Province of New Jersey.
  • 1683 - Union County is formally established and named after the Union of England and Scotland.
  • 1777 - The Battle of Springfield takes place in Union County during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1801 - Elizabeth Township separates from Union County to become the independent City of Elizabeth.
  • 1857 - The Rahway Valley Railroad is established, providing transportation and boosting the local economy.
  • 1933 - The Union County Park Commission is created, starting the development of various parks throughout the county.
  • 1975 - The Watchung Reservation becomes an official park, offering recreational opportunities to residents.
  • 1995 - The Union County Performing Arts Center opens in Rahway, becoming a cultural hub for the region.