Texas was once a part of Mexico but gained independence in 1836 after a famous battle at the Alamo.
Crockett County, located in the heart of West Texas, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. The area was first inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Apache, Comanche, and Lipan Apache, who relied on the abundant wildlife and natural resources for their sustenance.

The arrival of European settlers in the mid-19th century brought significant changes to Crockett County. In 1852, the U.S. Army established Fort Lancaster, a strategic military outpost, which played an important role in protecting settlers and travelers along the San Antonio-El Paso Road. However, the fort was abandoned after just nine years due to constant threats from Native American tribes and a lack of vital resources.

The county itself was formed in 1875 and named in honor of Davy Crockett, the legendary frontiersman and hero of the Alamo. As more settlers arrived seeking fertile land for ranching and agriculture, the community of Ozona was established near the confluence of the Live Oak and West Bear Creeks. Ozona quickly became a hub for cattle drives, as it was located along the Goodnight-Loving Trail and later the Texas and Pacific Railway.

Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Crockett County experienced both prosperity and challenges. Droughts, economic downturns, and the Great Depression took their toll, but the discovery of oil in the 1920s brought a new wave of growth and opportunity. The county's booming oil industry attracted workers and entrepreneurs, leading to increased population and economic diversification.

Today, Crockett County remains a vibrant community with a diverse economy that includes ranching, agriculture, and oil production. Its history is proudly celebrated through various landmarks, museums, and events that showcase the unique heritage of this West Texas county.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Crockett County, Texas.

  • 1875 - Crockett County officially established
  • 1885 - Ozona becomes county seat
  • 1891 - Crockett County Courthouse built
  • 1902 - Texas and Pacific Railway arrives in Ozona
  • 1925 - Crockett County Oil Field discovered
  • 1940s - Sheep and goat ranching becomes a major industry
  • 1980 - Crockett County Courthouse listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • 1993 - Devil's River State Natural Area established
  • 2008 - Crockett County celebrates its 133rd anniversary