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In 1972, the Montana Constitution was rewritten and adopted, becoming one of the most progressive state constitutions in the United States. It includes provisions for public access to streams and rivers, protection of the environment, and guarantees of individual privacy and civil rights.
Hill County, Montana has a rich history that is deeply rooted in the development and growth of the American West. The area that is now Hill County was initially inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Blackfeet and Assiniboine tribes, who relied on the land for their sustenance and way of life.

The arrival of European settlers in the 19th century brought significant changes to the region. The establishment of Fort Assinniboine in 1879 by the U.S. Army helped to bolster settlement and protect settlers from conflicts with Native American tribes. The fort served as an important military outpost during the Indian Wars, regularly patrolling the surrounding area.

As more settlers arrived, the town of Havre was founded in 1887 as a bustling railroad hub. The arrival of the Great Northern Railway played a crucial role in the growth of Hill County, connecting the region to the rest of the country and facilitating the transportation of goods and people.

Throughout the 20th century, Hill County continued to develop and diversify its economy. Agriculture, particularly wheat and cattle ranching, became the backbone of the local economy, with farming families shaping the landscape with their hard work and commitment. The discovery of oil in the 1950s brought further economic growth and employment opportunities to the region, bolstering the local economy.

Today, Hill County continues to thrive as a hub of agricultural activity and natural resource development. The county's historical legacy, coupled with its stunning natural landscapes and close-knit communities, make it a unique and fascinating part of Montana's storied past and vibrant present.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Hill County, Montana.

  • 1886 - Hill County was established as a county in Montana.
  • 1891 - The county seat of Hill County was established in Havre, Montana.
  • 1904 - The Great Northern Railway extended its line to Havre, leading to increased growth and development in the county.
  • 1915 - The first oil well was drilled in Hill County, leading to the establishment of the oil industry in the area.
  • 1929 - The Hill County Courthouse, a historic landmark, was constructed.
  • 1942 - During World War II, a military airfield was built near Havre, bringing economic opportunities to the county.
  • 1950s - The construction of the Milk River Project and the Fresno Dam provided irrigation for agriculture in Hill County.
  • 1980s - The oil industry experienced a decline, impacting the economy of Hill County.
  • 2000s - Efforts were made to diversify the economy of Hill County, including the development of wind energy projects.