Tennessee was the last state to secede from the Union during the Civil War. It joined the Confederacy in June 1861, but a significant portion of its population remained loyal to the Union, leading to a bitter and divided conflict within the state.
Lincoln County, located in southern Tennessee, has a rich and storied history that stretches back to its earliest Native American inhabitants. The area was initially inhabited by the Cherokee and Chickasaw tribes, who experienced conflicts with European settlers during the 18th century. The first European settlement in what is now Lincoln County was established in the late 1780s, primarily by Scotch-Irish and English settlers.

The county itself was officially established in 1809 and named after the prominent American statesman and founding father, Abraham Lincoln's father, Captain Abraham Lincoln. During the early 19th century, Lincoln County saw significant growth and development, becoming an important agricultural and transportation hub. The advent of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad in the 1850s further fueled its growth, connecting the county to larger markets and allowing for increased agricultural production.

The American Civil War had a profound impact on Lincoln County, as it did on much of Tennessee. The county witnessed several deadly battles and skirmishes, such as the Battle of Guy's Gap and the Battle of Fayetteville. Additionally, the town of Fayetteville, which serves as the county seat, became an important supply center for the Confederate Army. The war brought about significant social and economic changes, including the abolition of slavery and the emergence of a more diversified agricultural landscape.

In the years following the Civil War, Lincoln County rebounded and continued to grow. The agricultural economy shifted towards cattle and dairy farming, while industries such as iron mining and brick production also played a role in the county's economic development. Today, Lincoln County retains its agricultural heritage but has also diversified its economy with the establishment of manufacturing companies and a focus on tourism, due to its historical significance and picturesque landscapes.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Lincoln County, Tennessee.

  • 1809 - Lincoln County is established on November 16 as one of the 23 original counties of Tennessee.
  • 1820 - The town of Fayetteville is incorporated on December 18.
  • 1860s - The county plays an important role during the American Civil War, experiencing occupation by both Union and Confederate forces.
  • 1871 - The county seat is transferred from Petersburg to Fayetteville.
  • 1890s - The Lincoln County Courthouse, located in Fayetteville, is constructed.
  • 1930s - The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) begins construction on the Guntersville Dam, which leads to the formation of Guntersville Lake in neighboring Alabama, but also affects portions of Lincoln County.
  • 1994 - The Lincoln County Courthouse is added to the National Register of Historic Places.