South Carolina is home to several historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), including Claflin University, Benedict College, and South Carolina State University. These institutions played a key role in educating African Americans in the state during the era of segregation.
McCormick County, South Carolina, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back centuries. The area that is now McCormick County was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and the Creek peoples. European settlers arrived in the 18th century, with English, Scotch-Irish, and French Huguenot families establishing small farms and plantations.

The county was officially formed in 1916 and was named after Cyrus McCormick, the inventor of the mechanical reaper. Prior to its formation, the area was part of Edgefield County. McCormick County's economy was primarily agricultural, with cotton, tobacco, and grains being the main crops. The construction of the Savannah River and its dam system in the mid-20th century brought hydroelectric power, tourism, and outdoor recreation opportunities to the county.

During the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, McCormick County became a spotlight for racial integration efforts. The county's schools were among the first in the state to integrate peacefully, avoiding the violence and unrest experienced in other areas. The town of McCormick also made national headlines during this period for electing an African American mayor, Joseph G. Adams, in 1987.

Today, McCormick County is known for its beautiful natural landscapes, including the Sumter National Forest and numerous lakes and waterways. Outdoor activities such as boating, fishing, hiking, and camping draw visitors to the area throughout the year. The county also celebrates its history and heritage through various events and festivals, honoring both its Native American roots and the contributions of its diverse population.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of McCormick County, South Carolina.

  • 1916 - McCormick County is established on March 10th. It is named after Cyrus McCormick, the inventor of the mechanical reaper.
  • 1950s - The J. Strom Thurmond Dam and Lake are constructed, bringing economic growth to the area.
  • 1960s - McCormick County becomes part of the larger Savannah River Site, a nuclear weapons facility.
  • 1990s - The Savannah River Site undergoes cleanup and restructuring, impacting the local economy.
  • 2000s - Tourism becomes a significant industry in McCormick County due to its proximity to several state parks and recreational areas.