National Register Listings in
Madison County, New York

Abell Farmhouse and Barn Albany Street Historic District Annas Farmhouse Beckwith Farmhouse Brick House Brown's Hall Canal Town Museum Canastota Methodist Church Canastota Public Library Cazenovia Village Historic District Cedar Cove Chappell Farmhouse Chenango Canal Summit Level Chittenango Landing Dry Dock Complex Chittenango Pottery Cobblestone House Comstock, Zephnia, Farmhouse Coolidge Stores Building Cottage Lawn Crandall Farm Complex DeFerriere House Evergreen Acres Fenner Baptist Church First National Bank of Morrisville Hamilton Village Historic District Hillcrest House at 107 Stroud Street House at 115 South Main Street House at 205 North Main Street House at 233 James Street House at 313 North Main Street House at 326 North Peterboro Street House at 328 North Peterboro Street Lehigh Valley Railroad Depot Lenox District No. 4 Schoolhouse Lorenzo Main-Broad-Grove Streets Historic District Maples, The Meadows Farm Complex Middle Farmhouse Morrisville Engine House Morrisville Public Library Mount Hope Reservoir Nelson Methodist Episcopal Church Nelson Welsh Congregational Church Niles Farmhouse Notleymere Old Biology Hall Old Madison County Courthouse Old Trees Oneida Armory Oneida Community Limited Administration Building Oneida Community Mansion House Oneida Downtown Commercial Historic District Oneida Lake Congregational Church Ormonde Parker Farmhouse Peterboro Land Office Peterboro Street Elementary School Rippleton Schoolhouse Roberts, Judge Nathan S., House Rolling Ridge Farm Seventh Day Baptist Church Shattuck House Smith, Adon, House Smith, Gerrit, Estate Smithfield Presbyterian Church South Peterboro Street Commercial Historic District South Peterboro Street Residential Historic District St. Paul's Church Sweetland Farmhouse Tall Pines The Hickories United Church of Canastota Upenough US Post Office-Canastota US Post Office-Hamilton US Post Office-Oneida Wampsville Presbyterian Church Wheeler House Complex York Lodge
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, New York City, was the site of the Stonewall riots in 1969, which are considered the birth of the modern gay rights movement.
Madison County, located in central New York State, has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by the Oneida Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, who were skilled farmers and traders. European settlers began arriving in the area in the early 18th century, and the region saw significant growth with the construction of the Erie Canal in the 19th century.

In 1794, the Sullivan Expedition opened up the area to settlement as it forced the Oneida Nation to cede their lands. This led to the formation of Madison County in 1806, named after James Madison, the fourth President of the United States. The county soon saw an influx of settlers, primarily from New England, who established towns and farms.

A major turning point in the county's history came with the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825. The canal brought economic prosperity to Madison County, stimulating trade and facilitating the transportation of goods. This led to the growth of towns along the canal, such as Canastota and Oneida, which became thriving industrial centers due to their strategic locations.

Madison County played a significant role in the abolitionist movement during the mid-19th century. Many residents actively supported the Underground Railroad, which helped escaped slaves flee to Canada and freedom. Peterboro, a small town in the county, was the home of abolitionist Gerrit Smith, who provided financial support to prominent activists such as Frederick Douglass.

Overall, Madison County's history is characterized by its agricultural heritage, industrial growth, and contributions to social causes. Today, the county remains a vibrant community, embracing its past while looking towards the future.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Madison County, New York.

  • 1788 - Madison County is formed from parts of Chenango and Herkimer counties.
  • 1795 - The county seat is established in the village of Cazenovia.
  • 1807 - The town of Hamilton is created.
  • 1817 - Construction of the Erie Canal begins, which will greatly benefit trade and transportation in the county.
  • 1839 - The Great New England Airship Company is founded in Madison County.
  • 1856 - Colgate University, a prominent private liberal arts college, is established in the town of Hamilton.
  • 1924 - The Earlville Opera House, a historic structure, is built in the village of Earlville.
  • 1946 - The Chittenango Landing Canal Boat Museum opens, showcasing the history of the Erie Canal.
  • 1978 - The Peterboro Civil War Weekend is first celebrated in the town of Smithfield.