The first American chess tournament was held in New York City in 1843, and it was won by a 21-year-old named Paul Morphy.
Chemung County, located in upstate New York, has a rich history that spans several centuries. Its origins can be traced back to the Native American tribes, particularly the Cayuga and the Seneca, who inhabited the region before the arrival of European settlers. The area was subsequently colonized by the British in the 18th century, and there were several skirmishes between the colonizers and Native American groups during the French and Indian War. However, after the American Revolution, the Native American population was progressively displaced.

In the early 19th century, Chemung County experienced significant growth with the construction of the Chemung Canal, which connected the state's southern and northern regions. This canal played a crucial role in stimulating trade and attracting settlers to the area. The county was officially established in 1836, named after the Chemung River that runs through it.

During the mid-19th century, the region became a hub for manufacturing and transportation, with industries such as railroads, lumber, and textiles flourishing. The arrival of the railroad expanded economic opportunities, making Chemung County an important transportation center for the region. The county's largest city, Elmira, emerged as a prosperous industrial center and a key hub on the Erie Railroad line.

In the 20th century, Chemung County experienced its fair share of challenges and successes. It played a significant role during World War II, with the Elmira Correctional Facility being used as a training camp for soldiers. The county continued to thrive with the growth of various industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare. Today, Chemung County remains an important part of the Southern Tier region, with a diverse economy and a rich cultural heritage.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Chemung County, New York.

  • 1779 - Chemung County is settled by European American settlers.
  • 1788 - Chemung County becomes part of Montgomery County.
  • 1791 - Chemung County becomes part of Tioga County.
  • 1836 - Chemung County is established as a separate county.
  • 1854 - The City of Elmira is incorporated in Chemung County.
  • 1861-1865 - During the American Civil War, Elmira serves as a Union Army camp and the site of a prisoner-of-war camp.
  • 1968 - The Chemung County Historical Society is founded.
  • 2002 - The Wings of Eagles Discovery Center, an aerospace museum, opens in Elmira.