National Register Listings in
Alamance County, North Carolina

Alamance Battleground State Historic Site Alamance County Courthouse, Alamance Hotel Alamance Mill Village Historic District Allen House Altamahaw Mill Office Atlantic Bank and Trust Company Building Bellemont Mill Village Historic District Beverly Hills Historic District Braxton, Hiram, House Cates, Charles F. and Howard, Farm Cedarock Park Historic District Cook, William, House Cooper School Cross Roads Presbyterian Church and Cemetery and Stainback Store Downtown Burlington Historic District Durham Hosiery Mill No. 15 East Davis Street Historic District Efird Building Elon College Historic District First Baptist Church First Christian Church of Burlington Fogleman, Polly, House Friends Spring Meeting House Glencoe Mill Village Historic District Glencoe School Graham Historic District Granite Mill Granite-Cora-Holt Mills Historic District Griffis-Patton House Guy, Thomas, House Hawfields Presbyterian Church Henderson Scott Farm Historic District Holt, Charles T., House Holt, L. Banks, House Holt-Frost House Horner Houses Johnston Hall Kernodle-Pickett House Kerr-Patton House Lakeside Mills Historic District May Hosiery Mills Knitting Mill McBane, Camilus, House McCauley-Watson House McCray School Mebane Commercial Historic District Menagerie Carousel Moore-Holt-White House Morrow, William P., House North Main Street Historic District Old South Mebane Historic District Old South Mebane Historic District (Boundary Increase) Oneida Cotton Mills and Scott-Mebane Manufacturing Company Complex Saxapahaw Spinning Mill, Former Scott, Kerr, Farm Snow Camp Mutual Telephone Exchange Building South Broad-East Fifth Streets Historic District Southern Railway Passenger Station Spoon, A. L., House St. Athanasius Episcopal Church and Parish House and the Church of the Holy Comforter Stagg House Sunny Side Thompson, James Monroe, House US Post Office West Davis Street-Fountain Place Historic District Western Electric Company-Tarheel Army Missile Plant White Furniture Company Windsor Cotton Mills Office Woodlawn School
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North Carolina was the site of the first gold rush in the United States, in the early 1800s. The town of Charlotte was named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III of England.
Alamance County, located in North Carolina, has a rich and diverse history that spans over centuries. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Occaneechi and Sissipahaw tribes. The first European settlers arrived in the early 18th century, primarily of English, Irish, and German descent.

In the late 18th century, Alamance County played a significant role in the American Revolution. The Battle of Alamance took place in 1771, which was fought between colonial rebels called the Regulators and British Governor William Tryon's militia. Although the Regulators were ultimately defeated, this event highlighted growing discontent among North Carolina residents towards British rule and served as a precursor to the American Revolution.

During the 19th century, Alamance County's economy was primarily based on agriculture, particularly in growing cotton, tobacco, and grain. Slavery was prominent in the area, with many plantations and large farms relying on enslaved labor. The county also witnessed significant growth in textile manufacturing with the establishment of numerous cotton mills in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Alamance County continued to evolve in the 20th century, experiencing industrialization and urbanization. The county saw the rise of manufacturing industries such as textile mills, furniture factories, and tobacco processing plants. These industries provided employment opportunities and attracted a diverse population. Today, Alamance County is known for its vibrant communities, thriving economy, and its historical significance, offering a fascinating glimpse into North Carolina's past.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Alamance County, North Carolina.

  • 1849 - Alamance County is formed from parts of Orange County and Randolph County
  • 1881 - The first railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, reaches Alamance County
  • 1886 - The town of Burlington is incorporated
  • 1963 - The Alamance County Historical Museum is established
  • 1967 - Alamance Community College is founded
  • 1997 - The North Carolina Zoological Park opens its off-site Conservation Center in Alamance County
  • 2001 - The Textile Heritage Museum is founded in Glencoe, Alamance County