National Register Listings in
Fallon County, Montana

The Great Northern Railway, which connected St. Paul, Minnesota, to Seattle, Washington, passed through Montana and played a major role in the development of the state's economy. The railway brought settlers and goods to Montana and facilitated the transportation of copper, wheat, and other commodities to markets around the country.
Fallon County, Montana, located in the southeastern part of the state, has a rich history that spans back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Sioux, Assiniboine, and Cheyenne. These tribes relied on the bountiful resources provided by the landscape, such as the Yellowstone River and the fertile soil.

In the late 19th century, European settlers began to arrive in the area, attracted by the promise of open land and economic prosperity. The establishment of the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1881 further spurred growth and development in the county. Agriculture became a dominant industry, with settlers cultivating wheat, barley, and other crops. Ranching also played a significant role in the county's economy, as the abundance of grasslands provided ideal conditions for raising livestock.

The early 20th century brought challenges to Fallon County, as it grappled with economic hardships during the Great Depression. However, the county managed to persevere, with the construction of dams and the implementation of irrigation systems providing a much-needed boost to the agricultural sector. The discovery of oil in the 1950s also brought an economic boom and resulted in increased industrial activity in the area.

Today, Fallon County continues to thrive as a primarily rural community, with agriculture and energy industries driving its economy. The county remains a vital agricultural region, producing crops and raising livestock. The oil and gas industry, along with coal mining, also plays a significant role in the county's economy. Despite its small population, Fallon County holds a unique place in Montana's history as a resilient and self-sufficient community.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Fallon County, Montana.

  • 1913 - Fallon County is established on December 9.
  • 1918 - First oil well is drilled.
  • 1920 - Town of Baker is incorporated.
  • 1922 - Fallon County Courthouse is constructed.
  • 1940 - First hospital is built in Baker.
  • 1961 - Montana State University Extension Office is established.
  • 1973 - Plevna School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1997 - Baker Lake is designated as a National Natural Landmark.
  • 2007 - Fallon Medical Complex is built.