Historical Markers in
Montgomery County, Maryland

11333 Woodglen Drive 1862 Antietam Campaign 1862 Antietam Campaign 1891 Red Brick Courthouse 1921 1921 20101 Fisher Avenue 24-Hour Service 9-11 Memorial • KVFD A 19th Century Crossroads A Center of Culture and Commerce A Community Grows A Downtown is Born A Geologic Barrier A Heroine's Home A Life of Service A Lift Lock A Mixed Community A New Deal in Town A Night at the Gaithersburg Latitude Observatory A Real Field of Dreams A Refuge A Royal Audience A Totem For Healing A Trolley Returns to Glen Echo A Veteran’s Life in Montgomery County A Way for Fish Adam Robb's Tavern African American Soldiers from Montgomery County African Americans and Quakers in Sandy Spring Agricultural History Farm Park Agriculture on the Riley Plantation Ament Hall An Ideal Crossing Andrew Small Academy Archaeology at Dowden's Ordinary Archaeology at Josiah Henson Park Archie Bell (Jerry) Artist's Conception of Battery Bailey, Circa 1862 Arts Pavilion At All Hours At the Junction of War and Peace: At This Location August 26, 1814 Autre - St. Mary’s Plantation Azalea Garden B.Y. Morrison Park Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Bridge Abutment Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station Barnesville Barnesville Station Baseball Field Battery Bailey Beall-Dawson House Beall-Dawson House and Park Beall-Dawson House and Park Beallsville Bear and the Steelhead Belle Ziegler Park Bentley House Bethesda Meeting House Bethesda's Big Train Bicentennial of Maryland's Ratification of the Constitution Bingham-Brewer House Black Hill Gold Mine Black Rock Mill and Great Seneca Creek Blair House Blair Mansion: Silver Spring / Blair Station Post Office Boats Passing By Boundary Stone Boundary Stone of Rockville Brewer Farmstead Briggs House Brookes, Russell and Walker Historic District Brookeville Brookeville - Mt. Zion / Early Builders in Sandy Spring: The Robert Hill Story Brookeville Academy Brookeville Angel Building Blocks Building The Cabin John Bridge Building The Future Burnt Mills Bussard Farmhouse c. 1926 c. 1931 Canada Dry Building Carroll Avenue Bridge Cemetery of the Bethesda Presbyterian Church Centennial Garden Charles Drew Charles Gilbert Thomas, Sr. / William and Evan Budd Homestead / Sandy Spring School / Ross J. Boddy Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Chesapeake and Ohio Aqueduct Chestnut/Meem Historic District Children Growing Up in Montgomery County Christ Episcopal Church Cincinnati, Largest African American Settlement / Journey from Alloway to Sandy Spring Cisterns Civil War Troops & Darnestown Residents Clara Barton House Clean Drinking Manor Clinton A.M.E. Zion Church Clues to the Past: Oral History and Archaeology Col. Guilford Dudley Bailey Colonel Joseph Belt Composting Comus Inn Conduit Track Switch and Crossover Conservation Landscaping Conservatory Countee Cullen / The Odd Fellows Lodge Court House Square Creating a National Park Damascus Daniel Carroll II Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek Darnestown Darnestown: A Strategic Point of Defense Davis-Warner House Dawson Farm - 1840-1979 DC Area Sniper Victims Memorial Dedicated To Those From Kensington Who Served Their Country In The Armed Forces Defending the City of Washington DeSellum Family Cemetery Disease, Death, and Medical Discoveries During the Civil War DNC Building Dowden's Ordinary: A French & Indian War Site Dowden's Ordinary: The Elephant Comes to Clarksburg Dowden’s Ordinary Dr. James Anderson House Dr. Stonestreet's Office Dr. Thomas Sprigg Wootton Drop Gate Locks Early Blacksmith Shop Early Rockville Residential Area Early Takoma Early's Raid on Washington East Oaks Edmonston's Mill Edwards Ferry Edward’s Ferry Efficient Irrigation System Eliza Howard and Descendants / Remembering the Bells, Hopkins, Harriday Families Ellen Stofan Elton Enoch George Howard and John Henry Howard / The Dorsey, Williams and Johnson Connections Enticing Business Equestrian Heritage Eugenie Clark Evans Parkway Neighborhood Park Farm Road Bed Farming and Labor in Montgomery County Father Divine Birthplace Fawcett's Mill Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler Fighting Floods Finding a Niche First Bank, First Heist Five Points, historic crossroads Forced Migration Forest Glen Railroad Station Formal Gardens Fort Sumner Founding of Takoma Park Fragrance Garden Freedmen during Reconstruction in Montgomery County From Trolley to Trail Gaithersburg Gaithersburg Washington Grove Volunteer Fire Department Galilean Temple Garrett Park Waiting Room Garrett Park, MD Garrett Park, Md. Gassaway House General Edward Braddock General George W. Getty, U.S.A. Geodetic Marker George Washington Carver Junior College Gettysburg Campaign Gettysburg Campaign Gibbs v. Broome, et al. / 1931 Courthouse Glen Echo Civil Rights Protest Glen Echo From Past to Present Glen Echo Park Glen Echo Park Glen Echo Park c. 1930 Glen Echo Park: Aerial View c. 1954 Glen Echo Park: Chautaugua c. 1891 Glen Echo Park: Protest Years 1960 Glen Echo Park: Spanish Ballroom c. 1943 Glen Echo Park’s Crystal Pool Glen Echo’s Art Deco Arcade Glenview Mansion Gold Mining in Maryland Good Hope Settlement / Hill Top Elementary School Goshen Mills Great Falls of the Potomac Great Falls Tavern Great Falls Tavern Great Hall Grusendorf Log House Gude Garden Guests at The Forest Inn Haile Salassie Haiti-Martin's Lane Community Hallowed Ground Harridays and Carrolls / Carolyn Snowden Heat Up, Cool Down Hebron House and Print Shop Higgins House Higgins Tavern Historic Brookeville Historic Montrose School Historic Poolesville Historic Site Historic Sites Allegedly Connected to the Underground Railroad / Mamma Annie Matthews History and Purpose of the Gaithersburg Latitude Observatory History of the Sandy Spring Friends Meeting House Home of Samuel Wade Magruder How Did Josiah Henson Help Free Enslaved People? How the Mill Worked Howard Chapel Cemetery Hungerford Tavern Hungerford Tavern / Susan Russell House Hungerford Tavern Site Hyattstown Hyattstown Mill In Everlasting Memory of the Anguish of Our Ancestors In Loving Memory In Loving Memory of Robert W. Lebling In Memory of LTC Karen J. Wagner In Memory of Sgt. Christopher Thornton In This House Indonesia Muslim Association in America (IMAAM) Center Inlet Locks J. Craig Venter Jerusalem - Mt. Pleasant Church and Parsonage Jesup Blair House John A. Belt Building John C. Brown Memorial Bridge John Carroll Josiah Henson Jubal Early’s Raid on Washington Kemp Mill Kensington Cabin Kwame Nkrumah Lamar House Land, Lumber & Lyrics Layton House Leatha Howard Holland Webster / William Howard Hill & Anna Virginia Carter Hill Lee Family Cemetery Lee Jordan Lee Jordan Field Leibo's Place Liberty Mill Life During Encampment in Montgomery County Life in the Slave Quarters Linden Farm Living in Takoma Park Lockhouse 10 Lockhouse 22 Lockhouse 6 Locust Grove Log Cabin Looking North up Wisconsin Avenue at Old Georgetown Road in 1940 Loughborough Mill Loughborough Mill Lucy Simpson's Rockville Institute Luther Rice Madison House Madonna of the Trail Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men MARC Train #286 Margaret Brooke House Marian Fryer Martha Howard and John H. Murphy Alliance / Mutual Memorial Cemetery Martin Rodbell Maryland: Confederate or Union State? Matthew Henson Mattie J.T. Stepanek Peace Garden Meadowbrook Stables Memorial for Pvt. Robert J. Harmon Jr. (1946 - 1969) and Pvt. Robert C. Hobstetter (1938 - 1969) Memorial to the Events of September 11, 2001 Meridian Mark Pier and Geodetic Survey Monuments Mica Mine Ruins Middlebrook Mills Mill Worker's Cottage Mills in the Upcounty Millstone From Alfred Ray's Property Minnehaha Creek Modern Banking Monocacy Aqueduct Montgomery County Court House Montgomery County Jail Moreland Mr. T's Mt. Ephraim Crossroads Murphy House Mutual Memorial Cemetery Mysteries of the Hopkins House / Free Black Slaves Settled the Norbeck Community National Naval Medical Center National Naval Medical Center in the 1940’s Neal Potter Plaza Near This Spot Lived and Lies Buried Jeremiah Crabbe Nelson Mandela Newlin’s Mill Newlin’s Mill Millstone Newmantown Newport Mills Nike Missile Local Park Nina Honemond Clarke / The Richard Perry Budd House / The Budd, Williams, Butler Lineage Norbeck Rosenwald School Oakley Cabin Of By For Old Georgetown Road Old Georgetown Road Old Glory Old Spring House & Pool of Bethesda Olive Branch Community Church / The Awkards and Smith Families Olmsted Island Olney Olney House Olney Inn Gas Lanterns One Hundred Years a Town One Tree's Life Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, North Cornerstone Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northeast 1 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northeast 2 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 4 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 5 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 6 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 7 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 8 Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 9 Our Agricultural Heritage Our Daily Bread Our Flag Display Out of Africa Photos of Historic Kensington Planetary Radio Emissions Discovery Site Poolesville Poolesville Potomac Cemetery and Church Grounds Potomac River Prehistoric Rock Shelters Preserving a Community Resource Preserving the Riley-Bolten House President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the NIH Bethesda campus on this site, October 31, 1940 Prettyman House Prettyman House Profiles of the Richard Perry Budd and Williams Families in Sandy Spring Pythian Temple Quakers Practicing their Faith in Montgomery County Rachel Carson Rachel Carson House Railway Bed Raven and the Sun Red Brick Courthouse Reflections of Old Germantown Reforestation Regional Parks Repairing the Breach at Anglers Return to the Riley Farm Rice The Educator Rice The Journalist Rice The Missionary Rice The Organizer Richard Montgomery Rockville Rockville Rockville Academy Rockville Baptist Church and Cemetery Rockville Business District Rockville Methodist Episcopal Church - Jerusalem Mount Pleasant United United Methodist Church Rockville Station Rockville Town Square Rockville Town Square Rockville Town Square Rockville Town Square Rockville's First Colored School / Rockville's Second Colored School Rockville's Pump House Rocky Glen Farm / Dawson Farm: 1840-1980 Rocky Glen Farm / Dawson Farmhouse: Built 1874 Rocky Glen Farm / Dawson Farmhouse: Built 1912 Rolling Ridge Roscoe Ross J. Boddy / Archie (Jerry) Bell / Hill Top Elementary School Round Oak Missionary Baptist Church / Sandy Spring African American Heritage Trail Rowser’s Ford Rowser’s Ford Sadie Matthews Budd and Family / The Bowens, Mitchells and Jacksons of Ashton and Baltimore, MD Safeway Saint Mary's Catholic Church Saint Mary's Church Salute to the Quakers Sandy Spring Friends Meeting Site Sandy Spring Museum / The Evan Snowden Dynasty: Born Free at the Manor Sandy Spring's African American Families Schwartz House / City Hall Scott H. Lawson Second Lieutenant William J. Christman, III Seneca Seneca Seneca Mill Seneca Mills During the Civil War Seneca Schoolhouse Seneca Stone Barn Seneca Store Seneca Store Serving the Community's Health Care Needs Shaka Zulu Shirley Povich Shorefield Silver Opportunity Silver Spring Armory Silver Spring Armory 1914 Silver Spring B & O Railroad Station Silver Spring Experienced by a Mother and Child, 1861-1865 Silver Spring in the Civil War Silver Spring Shopping Center Silver Spring Shopping Center Slaving Clipper Ship Sligo Creek Waterworks Smithville Colored School Snowden Funeral Home Snowden's Mill Sororities Spirited Entertainment Springhouse Springing Over the Monocacy / The Enduring Aqueduct Springing Up St. Peter's Church Stonestreet Medical Museum Stream Restoration Sugarloaf Mountain Suggestions for Walking the Labyrinth Summit Hall Farm Summit Hall Farm Smokehouse Supplying an Agricultural Community Swing-Gate Locks Tavern Life at Dowden's Ordinary Tennallytown and Rockville Railroad The 4-H Club Pledge The Aloha Cottage The Bank of Bethesda Building The Bell Tower Building The Bingham-Brewer House The Blair Family and the Civil War The Blair Family and their Silver Spring Homes The Bridge to Understanding The Burger King The Business of Agriculture: The Centennial Anchor The Chandler Wobble The Changing Face of Glen Echo The Church that Named a Community The Civil War at Poolesville The Civil War in Darnestown The Civil War in Silver Spring The Clara Barton House The Clara Barton Trail The Cliff Bland Recreation Area The Community of Silver Spring The Confederate Monument The Dalecarlia Tunnel The Early Years The Edgar Perry House The Expansion of the Seminary The Fall Line and the Gorge The First Building for the Bethesda Fire Department The Floods The Forest Inn The Gaithersburg School The Gaithersburg Wye The Georgetown Branch Railroad The Georgetown Branch Railroad The Germantown Bank The Glen Echo Park Yurts The Global Refugee Mural The Gymnasium The Hall of Philosophy The Harper Family Homestead The Hay Drying Shed The Historic Seneca Schoolhouse The Historic St. Paul Community Church The History of White's Ferry The Holland Red Door Store The Lock-Keepers The Louis Stokes Laboratories The Mary Woodard Lasker Center for Health Research and Education The Maryland Mine The Meathouse: A Food Vault The Metropolitan Branch & Takoma Park The Miller's Cottage The Moore Cottage The Musser Cemetery The National Park Seminary Historic District The Observatory The Old Bank Building The Origins of Darnestown The Powell-Matthews-Cook and Brooks Families in Sandy Spring / Spencerville The Rachel Carson Greenway The Rachel Carson Greenway The Rachel Carson Greenway The Riley Plantation The Roller Coasters of Glen Echo Amusement Park The Sandy Spring The Sandy Spring Ash Tree The Schwartz House / Gaithersburg City Hall / Schwartz Peony Garden The Scott Family / George and Georgianna Campbell The Seneca Aqueduct The Signal Corps and Wartime Communications The Silver Spring The Silver Spring Shopping Center The Silver Theatre The Summit Hotel The Thomas / Siegler House and Garden The Thomas Cannery The Thomas Sisters: Legends from Holly Grove / The Johnsons, Powells and Awkards of Holly Grove The Walter Reed Memorial The Washington and Glen Echo Railroad The Williams and Claggett Families in Ashton / Lineage of Greenberry Howard Family The Woodlands The 'Mayor' of Silver Spring This Complex of Buildings and Gardens Thomas House Site To Honor the Memory of George A, (Jay) Chadwick Jr. Town of Brookeville Traveler's Impressions of Montgomery County Tree of Hippocrates Tree of Hippocrates Tree of Hippocrates Trial Garden Tribute to Robert H. "Bob" Hill / Sharp Street United Methodist Church Trolley Parks In America Two Roads Typhoid in Rockville Unexpected Benefits in the CCC Union Chapel Valley Mill Valley Mill House Veirs Mill Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Plaza Visions Realized W.K. Kellogg Hall Walt Penney Field Walter Johnson Walter Johnson House Walter Reed Monument Warren Historic Site Warrick Hill / Cornelius Awkard, Tolbert Awkard and Offords / James Offord Washington Aqueduct Washington's Farm Watering the Canal Waters' Mill Watkins Mill We Drivers! We Will Never Forget Welcome to Froggy Hollow Welcome to Great Falls Welcome to Ovid Hazen Wells Carousel at Wheaton Regional Park Welcome to Poolesville Welcome to the Woodlawn Stone Barn Visitor Center Welcome to Washington Grove Wells-Robertson House What Happened Here? What is a Battery? Wheaton Tunnel and Station Wheaton Veterans Park White's Ford White’s Ferry White’s Ferry White’s Ferry White’s Ford White’s Ford Who Was Josiah Henson? Whose House Was This? William L. Chaplin Arrested! William Osler Williams-Wilson House Women on the Homefront in Montgomery County Woodend Woodend Manor House Woodlawn Woodlawn Manor Cultural Park / The Hill's of Holly Grove / Lineage of the Hill Family Wootton's Mill Working Hard To Survive Xeriscape Demonstration Project You Are Here - 1931 "All are Welcome to the Healing Plaza" "Alluvium" is an artwork by Jim Sanborn "Oh, It's You, Welcome!" "The best scenery lies beyond the city, especially in the neighborhood of Cabin John Creek…" "The Linden Oak" "The Presidents Tree" "…an extravagant expression of Victorian romanticism." ‘Most Lonesome Spot’ “A riotous country jumble” “Out of Robb’s Window, Montgomery County Court House.”
Maryland was the first state to pass a law requiring free public education: In 1827, Maryland became the first state to pass a law requiring free public education for all children. The law was initially aimed at poor children, but eventually expanded to include all children regardless of their economic status.
Montgomery County, Maryland has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. Before European settlement, the area was inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Piscataway and the Seneca. The first European explorers arrived in the 17th century, with English settlers establishing tobacco plantations along the Potomac River. The county was officially formed in 1776, named after General Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War hero.

During the 19th century, Montgomery County remained predominantly agricultural, with farms and small villages dotting the landscape. The construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in the 1820s brought economic growth and trade to the county's towns located along the canal route. In 1852, the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad further stimulated development, connecting the county to other parts of Maryland and neighboring states.

In the 20th century, Montgomery County experienced significant suburbanization as Washington, D.C. expanded. The county became an attractive residential area for people working in the nation's capital. The completion of the Capital Beltway in the 1960s facilitated commuting and led to further growth and development. Montgomery County became known for its excellent schools, diverse neighborhoods, and a thriving economy, attracting people from various backgrounds and cultures.

Today, Montgomery County is one of the most populous and affluent counties in Maryland. It is home to a vibrant and diverse community, with a strong economy driven by industries such as biotechnology, healthcare, government agencies, and education. The county offers a wide range of recreational amenities, from parks and hiking trails to cultural institutions and shopping centers.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Montgomery County, Maryland.

  • 1694 - Montgomery County established as part of Maryland colony
  • 1700s - Early settlements and growth in agriculture
  • 1776 - Montgomery County residents support American Revolution
  • 1801 - Capital of the United States moves to Washington, D.C., just south of Montgomery County
  • 1850s - Construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal brings economic development
  • 1861-1865 - Montgomery County residents participate in the American Civil War
  • 1873 - Great Montgomery County Fair established
  • 1878 - Founding of the Maryland Agricultural College (now University of Maryland)
  • 1890s - Introduction of electric streetcars
  • 1950s - Suburbanization and rapid population growth
  • 1970s - Construction of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's Red Line
  • 1980s - Establishment of technology and biotechnology industries in the county
  • 2000s - Growth of diverse communities and emphasis on environmental sustainability