National Register Listings in
Frederick County, Maryland

Airview Historic District Amelung House and Glassworks Arcadia Bennies Hill Road Bridge Bloomsbury Bowlus Mill House Brandenburg, Henry, House Brunswick Historic District Buckeystown Historic District Buckingham House and Industrial School Complex Bullfrog Road Bridge Burkittsville Camp Greentop Historic District Camp Misty Mount Historic District Carrollton Manor Catoctin Furnace Historic District Ceres Bethel AME Church Cockey-Jamison-Hendrickson House and Store Crampton's Gap Historic District Crum Road Bridge Cullen, Victor, Center, Old Administration Building Cullen, Victor, School Power House Drummine Farm Emmitsburg Historic District Eyler, John, Farmstead Fat Oxen Fourpoints Bridge Frederick Armory Frederick Historic District Frederick Historic District (Boundary Increase) Gambrill House Graceham Moravian Church And Parsonage Grossnickel, Peter of P., Farm Guilford Harris Farm Hessian Barracks Highland Lodge Hood College Historic District Jones, Abraham, House Kitterman-Buckey Farm LeGore Bridge Lewis Mill Complex Linden Grove Linganore Farm Loats Female Orphan Asylum of Frederick City Loys Station Covered Bridge Markell, George, Farmstead Mason and Dixon West Line Milestone Markers 76 and 77 Maynard, Thomas, House Middletown Historic District Monocacy National Battlefield Motter, John C., House Nallin Farm House Nallin Farm Springhouse and Bank Barn Nelson, Henry, House New Market Historic District Oakland Old Mill Road Bridge One-Million-Liter Test Sphere Pearre-Metcalfe House Pennterra Poffenberger Road Bridge Point of Rocks Railroad Station Prospect Hall Rich Mountain Roddy Road Covered Bridge Rose Hill Manor Routzahn-Miller Farmstead Saleaudo Scheifferstadt Shafer's Mill Sheffer, Daniel, Farm Shoemaker, Henry, Farmhouse Smeltzer, Henry, Farmstead Spring Bank St. Euphemia's School and Sisters' House St. John's Church at Creagerstown Historic District St. Joseph's College and Mother Seton Shrine St. Paul's Episcopal Church Stancioff House Stonebraker and Harbaugh-Shafer Building Strawberry Hill Tipahato Turner's and Fox's Gaps Historic District Utica Covered Bridge Widrick, George, House Willard, George,House Wolfe, James K.P., House Woods Mill Farm Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike Company Tollhouse
Harriet Tubman, a famous abolitionist, was born in Maryland: Harriet Tubman, who escaped slavery and became a famous abolitionist and conductor on the Underground Railroad, was born into slavery in Dorchester County, Maryland. She later returned to Maryland many times to lead other enslaved people to freedom.
Frederick County, Maryland has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the colonial era. Originally inhabited by Native American tribes, European settlers began arriving in the early 18th century. The county was formally established in 1748 and named after Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King George II.

During the American Revolutionary War, Frederick County played a significant role. The county hosted several important events, including the signing of the Maryland Constitution in 1776. It also served as a crucial transportation hub, with the National Road passing through Frederick and connecting the east coast to the western frontier.

In the 19th century, Frederick County saw major advancements in transportation and industry. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad were constructed, further enhancing the county's connectivity. Agricultural practices evolved, and new technologies were introduced to improve farming methods.

The 20th century saw Frederick County experience growth and development in various sectors. The county became an important hub for military and defense activities during World War II and the Cold War. Later, the expansion of educational institutions and healthcare facilities further strengthened the county's infrastructure. In recent years, Frederick County has experienced a population boom due to its proximity to Washington, D.C., and the availability of employment opportunities.

Today, Frederick County is a vibrant community with a mix of historic landmarks, cultural attractions, and a flourishing economy. It continues to be a center for agriculture, manufacturing, and services, while also embracing its rich history and natural beauty.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Frederick County, Maryland.

  • 1748: Frederick County, Maryland is established as one of the original counties in the state.
  • 1774-1781: During the American Revolutionary War, Frederick County plays a significant role in supplying troops and provisions.
  • 1820s: The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is built, improving transportation and boosting economic growth in the county.
  • 1861-1865: Frederick County is caught in the crossfire of the American Civil War, with both Union and Confederate armies occupying the area at different times.
  • 1877: The Western Maryland Railroad is completed, further enhancing transportation and trade in Frederick County.
  • 1902: Hood College, a private liberal arts college for women, is established in Frederick.
  • 1920s-1930s: Frederick County experiences economic hardships due to the Great Depression, leading to increased government intervention and infrastructure development.
  • 1950s-1970s: The county experiences significant population growth, thanks to the expansion of government agencies, military bases, and the thriving suburbanization of the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area.
  • 2002: The September 11 attacks at the Pentagon impact Frederick County, as many residents commute to the Washington, D.C., area.