National Register Listings in
Carroll County, Maryland

Maryland was once a center of the slave trade: Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that allowed slavery, and by the mid-18th century, it had become a major center of the domestic slave trade. Maryland slave traders sold enslaved people to plantation owners in other southern colonies and to the Caribbean.
Carroll County, Maryland, has a rich and diverse history that spans over two centuries. Named after Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the longest surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, the county was established in 1837. However, European settlers began arriving in the area as early as the 1700s, attracted by its fertile soil and abundance of water resources.

During its early years, Carroll County was primarily an agricultural community, with farmers cultivating crops such as wheat, corn, and tobacco. The construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the mid-1800s brought increased commerce and trade to the region, leading to the growth of small towns and villages. The county's economy flourished with the rise of industry, including textiles, canneries, and manufacturing.

Carroll County played a significant role during the Civil War, as it was a border region divided between the Union and Confederate sympathizers. The Battle of Westminster took place in the county in June 1863, with Union forces successfully defending the area against Confederate troops. The war left a lasting impact on the community, with many residents joining the military and numerous historic landmarks and monuments commemorating this turbulent time.

In the 20th century, Carroll County experienced further development and modernization. The expansion of the road network, including the construction of highways such as Route 140 and Interstate 70, improved transportation and connected the county to neighboring regions. As the population grew, new schools, hospitals, and recreational facilities were established to cater to the needs of the residents. Today, Carroll County continues to thrive as a vibrant community with a mix of rural charm and suburban amenities, attracting residents and visitors with its natural beauty, historical sites, and close-knit communities.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Carroll County, Maryland.

  • 1837- Carroll County was created by the Maryland General Assembly
  • 1863- The Battle of Gettysburg took place nearby and had a significant impact on Carroll County
  • 1871- The Western Maryland Railroad reached Carroll County, improving transportation and promoting economic growth
  • 1919- The Carroll County Historical Society was established to preserve and promote the county's history
  • 1940- The 4-H and FFA Fair began in Carroll County, providing youth with opportunities to showcase their agricultural accomplishments
  • 1977- Carroll County Historical Society opened the Carroll County Farm Museum, which showcases the county's agricultural heritage
  • 1993- The Carroll County Public Library System was established, serving the educational and recreational needs of the community
  • 2001- Carroll County experienced rapid population growth and development, leading to increased urbanization
  • 2019- Carroll County celebrated its 180th anniversary since its creation