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The first woman mayor in the United States, Susanna Salter, was elected in Argonia, Kansas in 1887.
McPherson County, Kansas, has a rich history dating back to the mid-1800s when settlers began migrating to the area. The county was officially established in 1867 and named after Civil War General James B. McPherson. The region originally belonged to the Osage and Wichita Indian tribes, but as settlers arrived, conflicts arose, leading to the displacement of indigenous populations.

With the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century, McPherson County experienced rapid development and growth. The town of McPherson became an important railway junction, attracting businesses, farmers, and new residents. Agriculture played a crucial role in the county's economy, with wheat, corn, and livestock farming becoming major industries.

During the early 20th century, McPherson County witnessed a surge in oil exploration and production. The discovery of oil brought prosperity and new opportunities to the local community, spurring growth and development. The county's oil industry played a significant role in shaping its economy and attracting further investment.

In more recent years, McPherson County has diversified its economy with the establishment of manufacturing plants, including several major automotive manufacturers. The county continues to embrace its agricultural heritage while also attracting new industries. Its rich history, scenic landscapes, and vibrant community make McPherson County an appealing destination for residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of McPherson County, Kansas.

  • 1867 - McPherson County is formed.
  • 1870 - The city of McPherson is founded.
  • 1887 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reaches McPherson.
  • 1900 - The population of McPherson County reaches over 15,000.
  • 1925 - The National Cooperative Refinery Association is established near McPherson.
  • 1951 - McPherson College is founded.
  • 1974 - The McPherson Opera House is restored.
  • 1996 - The McPherson Museum and Arts Foundation is established.
  • 2010 - The population of McPherson County is over 29,000.