National Register Listings in
Muscogee County, Georgia

Adams Cotton Gin Building Berry, George O., House Bibb City Historic District Broad Street Methodist Episcopal Church South Building at 1007 Broadway Building at 1009 Broadway Building at 1400 Third Avenue Building at 1519 3rd Avenue Building at 1531 3rd Avenue Building at 1612 3rd Avenue Building at 1617 Third Avenue Building at 1619 Third Avenue Building at 1625 Third Avenue Building at 215 Ninth Street Building at 221 Ninth Street Building at 303 11th St. Building at 920 Ninth Avenue Building at 921 Fifth Avenue Building at 944 Second Avenue Bullard-Hart House Bush-Philips Hardware Co. Butts, Thomas V., House C.S.S. MUSCOGEE AND CHATTAHOOCHEE (gunboats) Cargill, Walter Hurt Carter and Bradley, Cotton Factors and Warehouseman Cedars, The Central of Georgia Railroad Terminal Central of Georgia Railroad Terminal Church of the Holy Family Church Square City Fire Department Claflin School Cole-Hatcher-Hampton Wholesale Grocers Colored Cemetery Columbian Lodge No. 7 Free and Accepted Masons Columbus High School Columbus Historic District Columbus Historic District (Boundary Increase) Columbus Historic Riverfront Industrial District Columbus Investment Company Building Columbus Ironworks Columbus Manufacturing Company Columbus Stockade Cooke, Wm. L., House Denson, William H., House Depot Business Buildings Dinglewood Dinglewood Historic District Dismukes, Robert E., Sr., House Elisha P. Dismukes House First African Baptist Church First African Baptist Church Parsonage First National Bank First Presbyterian Church Fletcher, John T., House Fontaine Building Forston House Frank Brothers Gann's Pharmacy Garrett-Bullock House Girard Colored Mission Goetchius-Wellborn House Golden Brothers, Founders and Machinsts Green Island Ranch Harrison-Gibson House High Uptown Historic District Highland Hall Hillcrest-Wildwood Circle Historic District Hilton Hofflin & Greentree Building Illges House Illges, John Paul, House Isaac Maund House Joseph House Kress Lafkowitz, Abraham, House Ledger-Enquirer Building Lewis-Rothchild Building Liberty Theater Lion House Loeb, Sol, Building-Garrett-Joy Building McArdle House McGehee-Woodall House Methodist Tabernacle Mott House Mott-Fox-Hugley House Octagon House Old City Cemetery Old Dawson Place Peabody-Warner House Peacock Woods-Dimon Circle Historic District Pemberton House Phillips, George, House Pond, George, House Power and Baird, Wholesale Dry Goods and Notions Rainey, Gertrude Ma Pridgett, House Rankin House Rankin Square Reich Dry Goods Company Ridgewood Roberts, John Spencer, House Rosenberg, Max, House Rothschild's, David, Wholesale Dry Goods Rothschild, David, House Secondary Industrial School Silver's Five and Dime Store-H.L. Green Co. Sixteenth Street School Southern Railway Freight Depot Spencer, William Henry, House Springer Opera House St. Christoper's Normal and Industrial Parish School St. Elmo St. John Chapel Swift Manufacturing Company Swift-Kyle House Tarver, C.B., Building Thomas, Alma, House Triangle Building Trinity Episcopal Church Turner, Charles E., House U.S. Post Office and Courthouse W. Jacob Burrus House Walker-Peters-Langdon House Waverly Terrace Wells-Bagley House Weracoba-St. Elmo Historic District Wolfson Printing and Paper Co. Woodruff, Ernest, House Woodruff, Henry Lindsay, House Woodruff, Henry Lindsay, Second House Woolfolk, John W., House Wynn House Wynn's Hill-Overlook-Oak Circle Historic District Wynnton Academy Wynnton Village Historic District Wynnwood Y.M.C.A.
Georgia was named in honor of King George II of England, who granted a charter for the colony in 1732.
Muscogee County, located in west-central Georgia, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek Nation, who were later forcibly removed by the government in the early 19th century. The county was officially created in 1826, and its name, Muscogee, is derived from the original inhabitants.

During the Civil War, Muscogee County played a significant role as a supply and transportation hub for the Confederate Army. The county had active Confederate camps and helped provide resources and troops to the war effort. However, Muscogee County was not exempt from the hardships and destruction of the war, experiencing economic devastation and loss of life.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Muscogee County saw significant economic growth thanks to the textile industry and the arrival of major railroads. Textile mills, such as the Eagle and Phenix Mill, brought jobs and prosperity to the area, attracting a diverse population of workers. The growth of transportation networks allowed for the expansion of trade and commerce, shaping the county's urban development.

Muscogee County has also played a vital role in the Civil Rights Movement. The city of Columbus, situated in Muscogee County, was a prominent site of activism and organization. Local citizens, including Dr. Thomas Brewer and the True Colors organization, fought for desegregation and equal rights. Their efforts contributed to significant social and political changes in the county and the wider region of Georgia.

Today, Muscogee County continues to be a vibrant and diverse community with a mix of urban and rural areas. It is home to educational institutions, including Columbus State University, and hosts events that celebrate its rich history and culture. From its Native American roots to its involvement in pivotal moments of American history, Muscogee County's past has shaped its present-day identity.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Muscogee County, Georgia.

  • 1802 - Muscogee County is established in Georgia.
  • 1827 - The county seat is established in Columbus.
  • 1838 - Muscogee County experiences the forced removal of Native Americans known as the Trail of Tears.
  • 1861-1865 - Muscogee County is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • 1871 - The first public school in the county is established.
  • 1885 - Columbus becomes the first city in Georgia to install a city-wide electric streetcar system.
  • 1936 - Columbus hosts the Junior League Baseball World Series, the first of many national events held in the city.
  • 1953 - Construction begins on the Jim Woodruff Dam, creating Lake Seminole and offering new recreational opportunities.
  • 1970 - Columbus merges with the county government, forming the consolidated Muscogee County-Columbus government.
  • 1982 - The Chattahoochee Riverwalk opens, transforming the riverfront into a popular area for recreation and entertainment.
  • 1996 - Columbus hosts the 1996 Olympic softball matches at the Columbus Softball Complex.