Historical Markers in
Muscogee County, Georgia

1918 Diamond Jubilee 1993 Camp Benning / Fort Benning 29th Infantry Division 30th Infantry Division / 30th Armored Brigade Combat Team Memorial 32nd Infantry Regiment Memorial 503d Infantry Regiment (Airborne) Memorial 700 Broadway 70th Infantry Div. 87th Infantry Division Monument 96th Infantry Division Deadeyes Memorial Alma Woodsey Thomas Augusta Jane Evans (1835-1909) Baker High School Battle of Columbus Battle of Columbus Birthplace of Georgia's Woman Suffrage Movement Birthplace of Robert Winship Woodruff Bricks & Clay Products Brigadier General Henry Lewis Benning Bullard-Hart-Sampson House Camp Conrad Carson McCullers Carson McCullers (1917 - 1967) China Gate Church of the Holy Family Circus Train Wreck Memorial City Mills City of Columbus Civil War Women’s Riot Col. W. L. Salisbury Colored Department of the City Hospital / Doctors and Nurses Columbian Lodge No. 7, Free & Accepted Masons Columbus, Georgia Columbus Iron Works Columbus Iron Works Columbus Museums Columbus Steamboat Wharf Columbus Symphony Orchestra Columbus' First Jewish Cemetery Columbus’ First Theater Confederate Boats Confederate Dead Confederate Hospitals Confederate Memorial Day Confederate Siege Gun Confederate Supply Cotton Warehouses Creek Agriculture Cusseta: A Center for International Diplomacy Daily Life in Cusseta Dedicated to the American Revolutionary War Infantryman Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 to 1902 Dr. Pemberton’s Country Home Dr. Thomas H. Brewer Eagle & Phenix Mills Early Industrial Center Early Residences Educational Institutions Empire Mills Ernest Woodruff / Robert Winship Woodruff Establishment of Memorial Day Eugene J. Bullard, 1895-1961 / World’s First Black Combat Aviator Fallen Sniper Memorial First African Baptist Church First Baptist Church First Black Public School First Presbyterian Church Fit for Man and Beast Fort Benning Fort Benning POW Memorial Fortson General Store Fortson House/The Fortson Community Fourth Street Baptist Church Friendship Baptist Church Frontier Wars Garrett and Sons / Cargill-Wright Company General Benning George Parker Swift I Gertrude "Ma" Rainey Haiman's Sword Factory He Helped Bring And Keep Fort Benning Hero's Memorial High Uptown Historic District / Garrett-Bullock-Delay House Historic Riverdale Cemetery Holsey Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Horace King Horace King (1807 - 1887) Industrial District J.S. Pemberton & the Confederacy/The Formula Jewish Section of Riverdale Cemetery John McIlhenny Home John Stith Pemberton Kirven's Department Store Ladies Defender Last Land Battle in War of 1861-65 Leonard Spring Liberty Hill Baptist Church Linwood Cemetery Lummus Cotton Gins Martin J. Crawford Mass - Produced Ice Machines Mildred L. Terry Branch Library Military Service Walk Moses Dallas: Confederate Naval Pilot/American Slave Nehi and Royal Crown Cola Ninth Street Branch YMCA Nunnally Johnson (1897-1977) Oglethorpe House Oglethorpe Meets the Indians at Coweta Operation Just Cause Origin of Memorial Day Pemberton Cottage Pemberton’s Drugstores, 1857-69 Philip Thomas Schley Philip Trammell Shutze POW ✯ MIA Monument POW✯MIA Monument Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement Prize-Winning Newspapers Radcliff School Red Jacket Richard Christmas River Commerce Rose Hill / Mott-Fox-Huguley House Saint John African Methodist Episcopal Church Samuel Cooper Sarah Turner Butler Heritage Corner Secondary Industrial School Sixth Avenue Passenger Station Soft Drinks Specialist Ross A. McGinnis Springer Opera House St. Elmo St. James AME Church Temple Israel Textile and Banking Pioneer The Bradley Olmsted Garden The Cedars The Chattahoochee River The Columbus Museum The Creek Indians and the Falls The Creek Town of Cusseta The Dam (1882) & Powerhouses (1899) The Elms The Fall Line The First Breech Loading Cannon The Infantryman The Joseph House The Ledger-Enquirer Newspapers The Pemberton House The Polar Bear Regiment Memorial The Rankin House The Spencer House The "Chattahoochee Choo Choo" This Gun Thomas Greene Bethune Trinity Episcopal Church Tropic Lightning Memorial TSYS Tyler Home Victory Drive W. C. Bradley and Coca-Cola Walker – Peters – Langdon House William Bartram Trail William H. Spencer High School Winona Cargile Alexander: A Founder of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated Woodruff Farm House and Log Cabin World Trade Center Beam Memorial Wynnton Community Wynnton School Library "Kinfolks' Corner" "Torch Hill" “Blind Tom” “Columbus Stockade Blues” “Ma" Rainey Home “The Folly” “Wildwood”
The city of Atlanta hosted the Summer Olympics in 1996, and it was the first time that a bomb exploded at the Olympic Games, killing two people and injuring over 100 others.
Muscogee County, located in west-central Georgia, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek Nation, who were later forcibly removed by the government in the early 19th century. The county was officially created in 1826, and its name, Muscogee, is derived from the original inhabitants.

During the Civil War, Muscogee County played a significant role as a supply and transportation hub for the Confederate Army. The county had active Confederate camps and helped provide resources and troops to the war effort. However, Muscogee County was not exempt from the hardships and destruction of the war, experiencing economic devastation and loss of life.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Muscogee County saw significant economic growth thanks to the textile industry and the arrival of major railroads. Textile mills, such as the Eagle and Phenix Mill, brought jobs and prosperity to the area, attracting a diverse population of workers. The growth of transportation networks allowed for the expansion of trade and commerce, shaping the county's urban development.

Muscogee County has also played a vital role in the Civil Rights Movement. The city of Columbus, situated in Muscogee County, was a prominent site of activism and organization. Local citizens, including Dr. Thomas Brewer and the True Colors organization, fought for desegregation and equal rights. Their efforts contributed to significant social and political changes in the county and the wider region of Georgia.

Today, Muscogee County continues to be a vibrant and diverse community with a mix of urban and rural areas. It is home to educational institutions, including Columbus State University, and hosts events that celebrate its rich history and culture. From its Native American roots to its involvement in pivotal moments of American history, Muscogee County's past has shaped its present-day identity.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Muscogee County, Georgia.

  • 1802 - Muscogee County is established in Georgia.
  • 1827 - The county seat is established in Columbus.
  • 1838 - Muscogee County experiences the forced removal of Native Americans known as the Trail of Tears.
  • 1861-1865 - Muscogee County is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • 1871 - The first public school in the county is established.
  • 1885 - Columbus becomes the first city in Georgia to install a city-wide electric streetcar system.
  • 1936 - Columbus hosts the Junior League Baseball World Series, the first of many national events held in the city.
  • 1953 - Construction begins on the Jim Woodruff Dam, creating Lake Seminole and offering new recreational opportunities.
  • 1970 - Columbus merges with the county government, forming the consolidated Muscogee County-Columbus government.
  • 1982 - The Chattahoochee Riverwalk opens, transforming the riverfront into a popular area for recreation and entertainment.
  • 1996 - Columbus hosts the 1996 Olympic softball matches at the Columbus Softball Complex.