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The city of Savannah, Georgia was the first planned city in America. It was laid out in a grid pattern with squares for public use, and this design was later copied by other cities throughout the country.
Bartow County, located in the northwestern part of Georgia, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Creek and Cherokee, who left behind evidence of their presence through relics and burial mounds. European settlement began in the late 18th century when the lands of present-day Bartow County were ceded by the Cherokee Nation to the state of Georgia. The city of Cassville, named after Lewis Cass, was established as the county seat in 1833.

During the American Civil War, Bartow County played a significant role. The county saw multiple battles and skirmishes, including the Battle of Allatoona Pass in 1864, where Union forces successfully defended a crucial railroad supply line. The county's economy suffered greatly during the war, with Cassville being burned down by Union troops. After the war, the city of Cartersville, named after Colonel Farrish Carter, was designated as the new county seat in 1867.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Bartow County experienced growth and development. The introduction of railroads in the area opened up opportunities for trade and commerce. Cotton production became a major industry, and Cartersville emerged as a prominent manufacturing and transportation hub. The county also became known for its mineral resources, including iron, marble, and copper. The discovery of white marble near Tate in the early 20th century led to the establishment of several marble quarries, contributing to the local economy.

In the modern era, Bartow County continues to thrive and grow. The county has diversified its economy beyond agriculture and mining and is home to various industries, including manufacturing, healthcare, and tourism. Bartow County boasts several historical sites, museums, and recreational areas, such as the Etowah Indian Mounds and the Allatoona Pass Battlefield. The county remains a vibrant community, blending its rich history with a focus on progress and economic development.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Bartow County, Georgia.

  • 1832: Bartow County was created from portions of Cherokee County.
  • 1838: The county was named after Francis S. Bartow, an officer in the Confederate Army.
  • 1861-1865: Bartow County played a significant role in the Civil War.
  • 1867: The county seat was established in Cartersville.
  • Late 1800s: The county saw growth and development with the arrival of the railroad.
  • Early 1900s: Bartow County experienced economic growth through the manufacturing and textile industries.
  • 1950s-1960s: The construction of Allatoona Dam and Lake Allatoona provided recreational opportunities for residents and visitors.
  • 1990s-2000s: Bartow County saw continued growth and diversification of its economy.