Historical Marker in
Yuma County, Colorado

The United States Air Force Academy is located in Colorado Springs, and was established in 1954. It is the youngest of the five U.S. service academies.
Yuma County, located in northeastern Colorado, has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. The area, once home to Native American tribes such as the Cheyenne and Arapaho, saw significant changes with the arrival of European settlers. In the mid-1800s, trappers and traders began to explore the region, establishing trading posts along the South Platte River. These posts played a vital role in facilitating trade between Native Americans and Europeans.

The establishment of Fort Yuma in 1851 marked a significant milestone in the county's history. The fort, initially built as a strategic military outpost during the Indian Wars, was a symbol of U.S. expansion into the western territories. However, due to conflicts with Native American tribes and changing military objectives, the fort was eventually abandoned in 1863.

As settlers began to arrive in larger numbers during the late 19th century, agriculture quickly became the foundation of Yuma County's economy. The fertile land along the South Platte River and the construction of irrigation canals allowed crops such as corn, wheat, and sugar beets to flourish. This agricultural boom attracted more settlers and led to the establishment of various towns, including the county seat, Wray, in 1902.

The county's growth continued throughout the 20th century, with advancements in transportation and technology playing crucial roles. The construction of rail lines facilitated the shipment of agricultural products to markets across the country, while the introduction of modern farming techniques increased productivity. Today, Yuma County remains an important agricultural region, known for its diverse crops and strong farming community.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Yuma County, Colorado.

  • 1889 - Yuma County is established on March 15th.
  • 1910 - The town of Wray is incorporated on September 2nd.
  • 1912 - The town of Yuma is incorporated on March 28th.
  • 1920s - Yuma County experiences a significant population boom due to the agricultural industry.
  • 1948 - Bonny Dam is completed, providing irrigation water for the county.
  • 1975 - The Yuma County Museum is opened, showcasing the region's history.
  • 1986 - Colorado's first wind farm is established in Yuma County, harnessing renewable energy.
  • 2015 - The town of Eckley celebrates its centennial anniversary.