The state's name is derived from a novel called "Las Sergas de Esplandián," which was published in 1510. The book, written by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, tells the story of a mythical island called California that is ruled by Queen Calafia and is said to be filled with gold and precious stones.
Solano County, located in Northern California, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Before the arrival of European settlers, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Patwin tribe, who were skilled hunter-gatherers and practiced a variety of agricultural techniques. The Spanish exploration of California in the late 18th century brought significant changes to the region.

In 1823, General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo was granted large tracts of land in present-day Solano County by the Spanish government. He established the Pueblo of Sonoma and the Mission San Francisco Solano, which marked the northernmost outpost of Spain's colonization efforts.

The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought a wave of settlers to the region. The discovery of gold in the nearby Sierra Nevada mountains led to a population boom and the rapid development of towns and transportation routes, including the construction of the California Pacific Railroad. The influx of people also sparked conflicts between the settlers and the Native American tribes, leading to the displacement and marginalization of the indigenous population.

Solano County was officially established in 1850, becoming one of California's original 27 counties. Its county seat, Fairfield, was named after Fairfield, Connecticut. The county's economy diversified, with agriculture taking center stage. Fertile soil and a Mediterranean climate made it ideal for growing crops like fruits, vegetables, and grains. The establishment of Mare Island Naval Shipyard in 1854 also brought employment opportunities and boosted the local economy.

Today, Solano County is a thriving region with a diverse population and a strong agricultural sector. It is known for its central location between the San Francisco Bay Area and Sacramento, as well as its beautiful natural landscapes and historical landmarks.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Solano County, California.

  • 1823: Francisco Solano is born in San Jose de Guadalupe
  • 1835: Francisco Solano becomes a Mexican Army officer
  • 1843: Francisco Solano settles in Sonoma
  • 1846: Bear Flag Revolt takes place in Sonoma
  • 1847: California is seized by American forces
  • 1850: Solano County is established and named after Francisco Solano
  • 1851: The city of Benicia becomes the county seat
  • 1868: The county seat is moved from Benicia to Fairfield
  • 1968: The county's boundaries are adjusted to their current configuration
  • Present: Solano County is home to over 440,000 residents