National Register Listings in
Maricopa County, Arizona

1931 Tempe Bridge 59th Avenue Residential Historic District 6th Avenue Hotel-Windsor Hotel 915 E. Pierce Street/Grand Pyramid House Ackel, Salim, House Adams School Adams, W. E., House Administration/Science Building Alchesay Canyon Bridge Alhambra Hotel Alma Ward Meeting House Alston, Dr. Lucius Charles, House Alvarado Historic District Ammo Bunker (S-1007) Ammo Bunker (S-1008) Anchor Manufacturing Co. Anderson, Helen, House Anderson-Johannes House Andre Building Angulo-Hostetter House Arizona Academy-North Hall and South Hall Arizona Army National Guard Arsenal Arizona Compress & Warehouse Co. Warehouse Arizona State Capitol Building Arizona State Hospital Building Arvizu's El Fresnal Grocery Store Asbury, Cline R. / Riney B. Salmon House Ashland Place Historic District Avery, Frank and Emma, House B. B. Moeur Activity Building Baird, F. S., Machine Shop Bartlett Dam Bartlett, Samuel L., House Bayless, J. B., Store No. 7 Beadle House No. 11 Beet Sugar Factory Bennitt Mansion Bethlehem Baptist Church Blount Addition Historic District Bohn, Louis J. and Lee, Gertrude, House Boomer, Jorgine, House Borah House Borden Homes Historic District Borden Milk Co. Creamery and Ice Factory Boulder Creek Bridge Bragg's Pies Building Brentwood Historic District Brophy College Chapel Brown's Pharmacy Buckeye Union High School School A-Wing Buckeye Woman’s Club Buckhorn Baths Motel Bunch, E.C., House Burgess Lateral Historic District Cactus Inn Campus Vista Historic District Cartwright School Cave Creek Service Station Cavness, William Edward, House Celebrity Theatre Celora Stoddard/Lon Harmon House Central School Chambers Transfer & Storage Co. Chambers Transfer & Storage Co.-Central Warehouse Chandler Commercial Historic District Chandler High School Cheery Lynn Historic District Chelsea Place Historic District Cisney, George E., House City Hall and Jail Civil Engineering Maintenance Shop Coe, H. M., House Concrete Block House Concrete Block House Converse, Ralph, House Conway, Colonel Edward Power, House Cook, Neil and Louise, House Copeland & Tracht Service Station Coronado Neighborhood Historic District (Additional Documentation) Coronado Neighborhood Historic District (Boundary Increase) Country Club Park Historic Subdivision Craig Mansion Curtis Cottage Date Palm Manor Historic District Del Norte Place Historic District Demountable Hangar DeMund, Lester D., House Diller, Adam, House Dome House Doughterty, J. B., and C. W. Peterson House Douglas, Lewis, House Dowdy, George O., Rental Cottage Dunbar School Dunlap, Charles H., House Durand Grocery Earll Place Historic District East Alvarado Historic District East Evergreen Historic District Eisendrath, Rose, House el chaparral El Zaribah Shrine Auditorium Elder-Moffitt House Elias-Rodriguez House Elizabeth Seargeant-Emery Oldaker House Elliott House Ellis, George, House Ellis-Shackelford House Encanto Manor Historic District Encanto Vista Historic District Encanto-Palmcroft Historic District Encanto-Palmcroft Historic District (Boundary Increase II) Encanto-Palmcroft Historic District (Boundary Increase III) Encanto-Palmcroft Historic District (Boundary Increase) England, Abner Elliot-Lawrence, Guy Hidden, House Evans House Evergreen Historic District Executive Towers Eyrich-Kohl House Fairview Place Historic District Falcon Field World War II Aviation Hangers Farmer-Goodwin House Firestone First Baptist Church First Church of Christ Scientist First Methodist Episcopal Church of Glendale Sanctuary First National Bank of Glendale Building First Presbyterian Church First Presbyterian Church of Peoria Fish Creek Bridge Flagpole Floralcroft Historic District Fort McDowell Frankenberg House Frankenberg House Franklin School Fraser Fields Historic District Fry Building-Baxter Block Garcia School Garfield Historic District (Additional Documentation) Garfield Methodist Church Gates, Neil H., House General Sales Company Warehouse Gerardo's Building Gibbes, Carter W., House Gila Bend Overpass Gilbert Elementary School Gillespie Dam Highway Bridge Glendale Gardens Historic District Glendale Grammar School One-room Class Building Glendale High School Auditorium Glendale Townsite-Catlin Court Historic District Glendale Townsite-Catlin Court Historic District (Boundary Increase) Glendale Tract Historic District Glendale Woman's Club Clubhouse Gonzales-Martinez House Goodwin Building Grace Lutheran Church Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium Grunow, Lois, Memorial Clinic Hackett, Roy, House Hadsell, Burgess A., House Halm, George M. and Howard, Mary Alverda, House Hanny's Harelson, Sarah and Jack, House Harrington-Birchett House Hassayampa River Bridge Hayden, C. T., House Heard Building Hiatt House Hidden, George, House Hilgeman, Franklin, House Hilvert, Fred G., House Horse Mesa Dam Horseshoe Dam Hotel Westward Ho House at 160 Apache House at 170 Center House at 185 Washington House at 818 South 1st Avenue Housing Storage Supply Warehouse Hubbard, L. Ron, House Humbert, William K., House Hunt Bass Hatchery Caretaker's House Hunt's Tomb Hurley Building Idylwilde Park Historic District Immaculate Heart of Mary Industrial Arts Building Initial Point of the Gila and Salt River Base Line and Meridian Irving School Jacobs House Jacobs, Judge Fred C., House Jefferson Hotel Jones, Edward L., House Kenilworth Elementary School Kenilworth Historic District Kerr, Louise Lincoln, House and Studio King's Rest Hotel Motor Court Kitchell, Denison, House Knights of Pythias Building Koontz, Kinter K. La Hacienda Historic District Laird, Hugh, House Larson, C. A., House Laveen School Auditorium Lehi School Lewis and Pranty Creek Bridge Liberty Methodist Episcopal Church, South Long, Samuel C., House Los Olivos Historic District MacLennan House Main Building, Tempe Normal School Manistee Ranch Margarita Place Historic District (Additional Documentation) Maricopa County Courthouse Masonic Hall Matthews Hall McClintock, James H., House McCornack, Colonel Willard H., House McCullough-Price House McNair, Jonas, House Medlock Place Historic District (Additional Documentation) Mesa Journal-Tribune FHA Demonstration Home Mesa Woman's Club Moeur Park Moeur, Gov. Benjamin B., House Moeur, W. A., House Monroe School Morgan, David-Bronson, Earl A., House Mormon Flat Bridge Mormon Flat Dam Morristown Store Morrow-Hudson House Mullen, C. P., House Municipal Light Plant Myrtle Avenue Residential Historic District Nohlechek, Rhoda, House North Central Avenue Streetscape Historic District North Encanto Historic District North Garfield Historic District Northfield Historic District O'Connor, Sandra Day, House Oakland Historic District Oakland Historic District (Boundary Decrease and Increase) Old Barber Shop Old Brick Post Office Olney, George A/Everett E. Ellinwood House Ong Yut Geong Wholesale Market Ong's, Jim, Market Orpheum Theater Osborn, William Lewis, House Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mission Church Painted Rocks Palm Lane Gardens Palmer, E. Payne, House Park of the Canals Pay'n Takit #13 Pay'n Takit #25 Pay'n Takit #5 Pemberton, Sarah H., House Peoria High School Old Main Peoria Jail House Petersen, Niels, House Phoenix Building and Loan House Phoenix Carnegie Library And Library Park Phoenix Elementary School District No. 1 Administration Building Phoenix Homesteads Historic District Phoenix Homesteads Historic District Boundary Increase Phoenix Indian School Historic District Phoenix LDS Second Ward Church Phoenix Motor Company Phoenix Seed & Feed Company Phoenix Towers Phoenix Townsite Phoenix Union Colored High School Phoenix Union High School Historic District Pierce, Harry E., House Pierce, N. Clyde, House Pieri-Elliot House Pierson Place Pine Creek Bridge Pioneer Military and Memorial Park Ponderosa II Portland Street Historic District Pratt, Charles H., House President's House Professional Building Pueblo Grande Ruin Railroad Steam Wrecking Crane and Tool Car Rancho Arroyo Rancho Joaquina House Redden, Byron, House Redden, Lowell, House Regency House Rehbein Grocery Rittenhouse Elementary School Roald Amundsen Pullman Private Railroad Car Robson Historic District Roman Roads Roosevelt Addition Historic District Roosevelt Historic District Ross, John M., House Rosson, Dr. Roland Lee, House Sacred Heart Church Sacred Heart Home for the Aged Safeway Pay 'n Takit Sage Acres Historic District Sahuaro Ranch Salt River Project Diversion and Conveyance System Historic District San Carlos Hotel San Marcos Hotel Sands Estate Historic District Santa Fe Railroad Depot Scott, Robert, House Scottsdale Grammar School Scudder, B. H., Rental House Security Building Selleh House Sharp, M. J., House Shell Oil Co. Shride House Silk Stocking Neighborhood Historic District Sirrine House Skinner, E. W., House Smith, Walter Lee, House Smurthwaite House Southern Pacific Railroad Locomotive No. SP 2562 and Tender No. 8365 Spangler-Wilbur House Squaw Peak Inn St. Mary's Church St. Mary's Church-Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church Stephens, C.P., DeSoto Six Motorcars Stewart Mountain Dam Storage Warehouse Storms House Story, F. Q., Neighborhood Historic District (Additional Documentation) Story, F. Q., Neighborhood Historic District (Boundary Increase) Stoughton, Ralph H., Estate Stout's Hotel Strauch House Stubbs, Courtney and Hilda, House Suhwaro Hotel Sun City DEVCO Model No.1 Sun Mercantile Building Sun-Up Ranch Sun-Up Ranch (Boundary Decrease) Sunflower Ranger Staiton Swindall Tourist Inn Taliesin West Tempe Beach Stadium Tempe Butte Tempe Concrete Arch Highway Bridge Tempe Double Butte Cemetery Pioneer Section Tempe Hardware Building Tempe Woman's Club Temple Beth Israel Temple Historic District Thunderbird Estates and The McDonald Addition Historic District Tinker, C.H., House Title and Trust Building Titus, Frank, House Tomlinson Estates Historic District Tovrea Castle Town and Country Scottsdale Residential Historic District Tubercular Cabin Tucson, Cornelia and Gila Bend Railroad Caboose No. 15 Tweed, Judge Charles Austin, House U.S. Courthouse and Federal Office Building U.S. Post Office Union Station University Park Historic District Upton, George B., House Valley Field Riding and Polo Club Valley Plumbing & Sheet Metal Verde Park Pumphouse Vernetta Hotel Victoria Place Historic District Vienna Bakery Villa del Coronado Villa Verde Plat A and Villa Verde Plat B Historic District Village Grove 1-6 Historic District Vradenburg, George H., House Walker, Harry, House Walker, J. W., Building-Central Arizona Light & Power Water Pump Station and Water Tower Webster Auditorium Welnick Arcade Market and Liefgreen Seed Company Building West Second Street Historic District West Second Street Historic District (Boundary Revision) West Side-Clark Addition Historic District Western Wholesale Drug Co. Warehouse White, E. M., Dairy Barn Whitney, J. T., Funeral Home Whittier, John G., School Wickenburg High School and Annex Wickenburg High School Gymnasium Wickenburg Ice and Cold Storage Wickenburg, Henry, Pioneer Cemetery Wickenburg-Boetto House Wilbur Street Historic District Willo Historic District (Additional Documentation) Willo Historic District (Additional Documentation) Windsor Square Historic District Wisdom House Woodland Historic District Woodlea Historic District Wrigley, William, Jr., Winter Cottage Yaple Park Historic District Yaun Ah Gim Groceries
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Arizona was a hotbed of Old West outlaws: In the late 1800s, Arizona was a hotbed of Old West outlaws, including the likes of Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and the Clanton Gang. The infamous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, which involved Wyatt Earp and his brothers, took place in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881.
Maricopa County, located in the south-central part of Arizona, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Hohokam and Pima tribes, who cultivated the land and built complex irrigation systems. Evidence suggests that these ancient civilizations thrived in the region for several centuries, before mysteriously disappearing around the 15th century.

In the 16th century, Spanish explorers led by Estevanico, also known as Esteban the Moor, ventured into the present-day Maricopa County area. This encounter marked the beginning of European exploration and influence in the region. However, it wasn't until the mid-19th century that significant American settlement began. The establishment of Fort McDowell in 1865 and the subsequent discovery of gold in nearby areas attracted settlers to the county.

With the completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad in the 1880s, Maricopa County experienced a surge in population growth and economic development. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became a major industry. The county's fertile land and reliable water supply made it a favorable location for agricultural ventures.

Following World War II, Maricopa County experienced tremendous growth due to factors such as the availability of affordable land, a warm climate, and a booming economy. The county's largest city, Phoenix, became a thriving metropolis, attracting businesses and new residents. The establishment of Arizona State University in Tempe and the expansion of Luke Air Force Base further contributed to the county's growth.

Today, Maricopa County is home to more than four million residents, making it the most populous county in Arizona. It is known for its diverse economy, which includes industries such as healthcare, manufacturing, technology, and tourism. The county is also famous for its expansive outdoor recreation opportunities, with numerous parks, hiking trails, and beautiful desert landscapes.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Maricopa County, Arizona.

  • 1871 - Maricopa County is created from parts of Yavapai County and Pima County.
  • 1878 - Phoenix becomes the official county seat of Maricopa County.
  • 1881 - The first train arrives in Phoenix, connecting the city to the rest of the country.
  • 1889 - Maricopa County Courthouse is built in Phoenix.
  • 1911 - Roosevelt Dam is completed, providing a reliable water source for agriculture and growth in the county.
  • 1941 - Luke Air Force Base is established, playing a significant role during World War II and beyond.
  • 1960 - Maricopa County population surpasses half a million.
  • 1980 - Maricopa County becomes the most populous county in Arizona.
  • 1993 - Sheriff Joe Arpaio takes office, gaining national attention for his hardline stance on immigration and controversial practices.