The first Walmart store was opened in Rogers, Arkansas, in 1962 by Sam Walton, who went on to build one of the largest retail chains in the world. Today, Walmart is headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, and is one of the largest employers in the state.
Pike County, Arkansas traces its history back to the early 19th century when it was originally occupied by various Native American tribes, including the Caddo and Quapaw. In the early 1800s, European settlers began to move into the area, attracted by the fertile land and abundant natural resources. The County was officially established on November 1, 1833, and named after explorer Zebulon Pike.

During the mid-1800s, Pike County experienced a significant boom in population and economic growth. The discovery of gold and other minerals in the region attracted prospectors from far and wide, resulting in the establishment of several mining towns, including Murfreesboro. The mining industry played a central role in the county's economy during this time, with the population reaching its peak in the late 1800s.

However, as the mining industry began to decline in the late 19th century, Pike County faced economic challenges. The population dwindled, and many of the mining towns were eventually abandoned. The county shifted its focus to agriculture, with farming becoming the primary source of income for its residents.

Throughout the 20th century, Pike County experienced various social and economic changes, including the Great Depression and the Civil Rights Movement. Today, Pike County remains primarily rural, with farming, timber, and tourism driving its economy. The stunning natural landscapes, such as the Ouachita National Forest and Lake Greeson, attract visitors who come to enjoy outdoor recreational activities and explore the rich history of the area.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Pike County, Arkansas.

  • 1830: Pike County was established by the Territorial Legislature of Arkansas.
  • 1840: The county seat was established in Murfreesboro.
  • 1861: Pike County residents voted to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy during the Civil War.
  • 1873: The town of Kirby was incorporated.
  • 1890: Pike County experienced a population boom due to the discovery of diamonds at the Crater of Diamonds State Park.
  • 1927: The town of Glenwood was incorporated.
  • 1957: The Pike County Courthouse was destroyed by a fire, but was rebuilt soon after.
  • 1972: The Old Timer's Day Festival was established in Murfreesboro.
  • 2000: The population of Pike County reached its peak at 11,303 residents.
  • 2012: Crater of Diamonds State Park celebrated its centennial anniversary.