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Arkansas was one of the first states in the U.S. to enact a statewide prohibition on the sale and consumption of alcohol, passing the law in 1915. Prohibition was repealed in the state in 1933, shortly after the end of the nationwide prohibition era.
Ouachita County, located in the southern part of Arkansas, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The region was home to several Native American tribes, including the Caddo and Quapaw peoples, who inhabited the area for centuries before European settlers arrived.

European exploration of the region began in the early 18th century when French explorers, such as Jean-Baptiste BĂ©nard de la Harpe, ventured into Ouachita County. In the 19th century, the county became a part of the Louisiana Purchase, an event that brought many American settlers to the area. The establishment of the town of Camden in 1824 was a significant moment in Ouachita County's history, as it quickly grew to become a major trading and transportation hub.

During the American Civil War, Ouachita County played a crucial role as it was located on the banks of the Ouachita River, a vital Confederate supply route. The Battle of Poison Spring in 1864, which took place in the county, was a particularly significant event during the war. After the war, the county experienced economic growth and development, especially in the timber and agriculture industries.

In the 20th century, Ouachita County continued to evolve and thrive. The construction of dams on the Ouachita River brought electricity and increased economic opportunities to the area. The county also became known for its thriving oil and gas industry, which further spurred growth and prosperity. Today, Ouachita County remains a vibrant and culturally rich part of Arkansas, with a mix of historical landmarks, natural beauty, and a strong sense of community.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Ouachita County, Arkansas.

  • 1807 - Ouachita County established as a county in the Arkansas Territory
  • 1828 - Camden, the county seat, officially incorporated
  • 1839 - The Arkansas state legislature approves the incorporation of Rosston, another town in Ouachita County
  • 1864 - Battle of Poison Spring takes place during the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory
  • 1873 - The Cairo and Fulton Railroad reaches Camden, boosting economic growth in the county
  • 1880 - Bearden, a town in Ouachita County, is founded
  • 1913 - The Camden and Northern Railway begins operating in Ouachita County, enhancing transportation
  • 1951 - The United States Army Corps of Engineers begins construction of the Ouachita River Reservoir, now known as Lake Ouachita
  • 1963 - Arkansas Ordnance Plant, a major employer in the county, closes its doors
  • 2010 - The population of Ouachita County is recorded at 26,120