Alabama was the first state in the United States to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836.
Marengo County, located in the southwestern part of Alabama, has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. The county was established on February 6, 1818, and was named after Battle of Marengo in Italy, which was a significant victory for Napoleon Bonaparte. The county's original boundaries included a large portion of what is now known as western Alabama.

The area that now constitutes Marengo County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw and Chickasaw peoples. However, with the arrival of European settlers in the early 1800s, their culture and way of life were significantly impacted. The establishment of Marengo County marked the beginning of a new chapter in the region's history, with cotton becoming the primary cash crop and driving the local economy.

During the antebellum period, Marengo County experienced rapid growth and prosperity due to the cultivation of cotton using slave labor. The county's fertile soil and favorable climate made it an ideal location for large-scale plantation agriculture. However, with the onset of the Civil War in 1861, Marengo County, like the rest of the South, faced significant challenges and hardships as the economy and society were transformed.

The post-Civil War era saw Marengo County gradually rebuilding and diversifying its economy. Agriculture remained an important industry, and industries such as timber, manufacturing, and transportation began to emerge. Today, Marengo County is known for its rich cultural heritage, including historic sites, museums, and festivals that showcase the area's unique history and contributions to Alabama's growth and development.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Marengo County, Alabama.

  • 1818: Marengo County is established by the Alabama Territorial Legislature.
  • 1820s: The county experiences a population boom as settlers move in from surrounding areas.
  • 1830: The city of Demopolis is incorporated and becomes the county seat.
  • 1840s: Marengo County becomes a major center for cotton production, leading to economic growth.
  • 1861-1865: Marengo County, like the rest of the South, is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • 1870s: Reconstruction following the war brings new challenges and political changes to the county.
  • 1890s: The agricultural economy begins to decline, leading to a shift towards timber and manufacturing industries.
  • 1901: The prospective county of Hale is created from parts of Marengo County.
  • 20th Century: Marengo County goes through ups and downs due to economic and social changes, including the Great Depression.
  • 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement brings important changes and challenges to the county.
  • Today, Marengo County continues to preserve its history while also embracing modern developments.