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St. Croix County, Wisconsin has a rich and diverse history dating back to the arrival of Native American tribes thousands of years ago. The area was originally inhabited by the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Ho-Chunk tribes who made use of the land's abundant natural resources for sustenance and trade. European settlement began in the early 19th century, when French fur traders and explorers ventured into the area. The county's location along the St. Croix River made it an important stop along the fur trade route.

In 1840, the construction of the St. Croix Boom Company, a log sorting and rafting operation, brought significant economic growth to the region. The booming industry attracted a wave of settlers from various European countries, primarily German, Scandinavian, and Irish immigrants. The county's agriculture flourished with the fertile soil and favorable climate, making it a prominent center for dairy farming and crop production.

During the mid-20th century, the county experienced significant growth and development. The completion of Interstate 94 and the expansion of the highway system provided better transportation connections to major cities, leading to increased commerce and trade. Industrial development also took place during this period, with the establishment of manufacturing plants and factories in the county.

Today, St. Croix County continues to thrive as a vibrant and prosperous community. It is known for its picturesque landscapes, historic downtown areas, and recreational opportunities. The county's diverse economy is supported by various industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, and tourism. St. Croix County remains an attractive place to live, work, and play, thanks to its rich history and ongoing commitment to progress.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of St. Croix County, Wisconsin.

  • 1840s: Native American tribes, including the Dakota and Ojibwe, inhabit the area
  • 1847: St. Croix County is established by the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature
  • 1850s: The county experiences rapid growth with the arrival of settlers, mainly of Norwegian and German descent
  • 1861-1865: St. Croix County contributes soldiers to the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • Late 19th century: Agriculture, logging, and milling become vital industries in the county
  • 1880: The Wisconsin Central Railroad is completed, connecting St. Croix County to other parts of the state
  • Early 20th century: The county's economy diversifies, with industries such as dairy farming, manufacturing, and tourism emerging
  • 1930s: The Great Depression impacts the county, leading to economic challenges
  • 1950s-1960s: Post-war suburbanization leads to population growth and the development of new residential areas
  • 1970s-present: St. Croix County experiences ongoing growth and development, with a focus on preserving natural landscapes and promoting sustainable practices