Historical Markers in
Menominee County, Wisconsin

The first hydroelectric power plant in the United States was built in Appleton, Wisconsin in 1882.

Menominee County, Wisconsin, located in the northeastern part of the state, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The region was originally home to several Native American tribes, including the Menominee tribe, who the county was named after. These Native American communities lived off the land, relying on hunting, fishing, and farming for sustenance, and their cultural presence continues to be important in the area.

In the late 17th century, French explorers arrived in the area and established fur trading posts. European settlers began to arrive in larger numbers in the early 19th century, attracted by the region's abundant natural resources, particularly lumber. This period saw the rapid growth of logging industries, with sawmills springing up throughout the county. The timber industry continued to play a significant role in the county's economy for many years.

The county was officially established in 1862, and the town of Menominee became its first seat. Economic growth and development continued throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the expansion of agriculture, mining, and manufacturing industries. However, the decline of the timber industry in the mid-20th century affected the local economy, leading to a shift towards tourism and recreation as the main sources of revenue.

Today, Menominee County is known for its beautiful natural landscapes, including dense forests, rivers, and lakes. The county offers various outdoor recreational activities, such as hunting, fishing, hiking, and camping, attracting tourists from all over. The county also celebrates its Native American heritage through events and festivals, providing an opportunity to learn about and appreciate the rich cultural history of the area.

  • 1831: Menominee County is established as a territorial county
  • 1848: Menominee County becomes part of the newly admitted state of Wisconsin
  • 1861-1865: Menominee County residents serve in the American Civil War
  • 1870: The city of Menominee is incorporated
  • 1881: Menominee County's first courthouse is built in Keshena
  • 1897: The Menominee Indian Reservation is established in the county
  • 1900: The county's population reaches its peak at around 16,000
  • 1921: The final courthouse is built in Keshena
  • 1974: Menominee County merges with Shawano County, but the merger is later repealed
  • 1994: The Menominee Casino-Bingo-Hotel complex opens on the reservation