The state's official flag was adopted in 1923 and features a portrait of George Washington in profile, along with the state seal and the words "Washington State".
Garfield County, located in the southeastern part of the state of Washington, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Palouse, who relied on the land for hunting, gathering, and farming. European exploration in the 18th and 19th centuries brought trappers and fur traders to the region.

In the late 19th century, the discovery of gold and silver in the area led to an influx of miners and settlers. The town of Pomeroy, founded in 1878, became the county seat and the economic hub of the region. The mining industry brought prosperity and growth to Garfield County. However, as the mines became depleted, the population declined, and the economy shifted toward agriculture.

Agriculture has been a primary industry in Garfield County since the early 20th century. The fertile soil and favorable climate proved ideal for producing wheat, barley, and other crops. Farmers adopted modern farming techniques and machinery, leading to increased productivity. The county's agricultural heritage is still evident today, with vast fields stretching across the landscape.

In recent years, Garfield County has faced challenges due to a declining population and changes in the agricultural industry. Efforts have been made to diversify the local economy and attract new businesses. The county continues to be a close-knit community, with residents working together to preserve their history and promote the county's unique heritage. Garfield County's past and present are intertwined, reflecting the resilience and adaptability of its people.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Garfield County, Washington.

  • 1879 - Garfield County is established on November 29, named after President James A. Garfield.
  • 1881 - Pomeroy becomes the county seat.
  • 1900 - The population of Garfield County reaches its peak at 7,080.
  • 1934 - The Great Depression causes significant economic hardship in the county.
  • 1956 - The Central Ferry Bridge is completed, connecting Garfield County to Whitman County.
  • 1990 - The population of Garfield County declines to 2,392.
  • 1998 - The Guardian of the Gulch statue is erected in Pomeroy to commemorate the county's mining history.
  • 2002 - The Garfield County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.