The Virginia Colony was known for its tobacco production, which was the main export during the 17th century. Virginia's tobacco exports helped make it one of the wealthiest colonies in North America.

Botetourt County, located in the heart of the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia, has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. Established in 1770, the county was named after Lord Botetourt, a royal governor of Virginia. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Shawnee and Cherokee, who hunted and fished along the rivers and mountains of the region.

During the colonial period, European settlers began to move into the area and establish farms and trading posts. The county's location along the Great Wagon Road, a major transportation route, made it an important hub for trade and commerce. Botetourt County also played a significant role during the American Revolution, with many local residents serving in the Continental Army.

In the 19th century, Botetourt County experienced a period of prosperity due to its rich natural resources, particularly iron ore. The county was home to numerous iron furnaces and forges, contributing to the growth of the region's economy and attracting skilled workers from around the country. The advent of the railroad in the mid-1800s further stimulated economic development and allowed for the transportation of goods and people.

Today, Botetourt County continues to thrive as a vibrant community with a mix of rural and suburban areas. The county is known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and historic sites. Many original colonial and antebellum buildings can still be found throughout the area, showcasing Botetourt County's rich architectural heritage. With its blend of history, natural beauty, and modern amenities, Botetourt County has become a popular destination for residents and visitors alike.

  • 1770: Botetourt County is established from parts of Augusta County and named in honor of Norborne Berkeley, Baron de Botetourt, Colonial Governor of Virginia.
  • 1776: The county courthouse is established in Fincastle, which becomes the county seat.
  • 1782: Fincastle is incorporated as a town.
  • 1839: The Blue Ridge Turnpike is completed, connecting Botetourt County to the rest of Virginia and facilitating trade.
  • 1870: The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway is completed through Botetourt County, spurring economic growth and development.
  • 1892: Buchanan, located in Botetourt County, is incorporated as a town.
  • 1967: The Appalachian Trail, a famous hiking trail, is completed through Botetourt County, attracting outdoor enthusiasts.
  • 1970: Botetourt County celebrates its bicentennial.
  • 1984: The Norfolk Southern Railway opens its Roanoke Distribution Center in Botetourt County, further boosting the county's economy.
  • 2015: The Greenfield Education and Training Center opens in Daleville, providing educational and workforce development opportunities.