National Register Listings in
Taylor County, Texas

1915 Taylor County Courthouse Abilene and Northern Railway Company Depot Abilene Christian College Administration Building Abilene Commercial Historic District Abilene Courts Abilene Fire Station No. 2 Abilene High School Abilene Street Railway Company Barn Ackers, William and Mary, House Alexander-Campbell House Bankhead Highway Historic District Blanton, Thomas L., House Boyd-Hall House Caldwell Hall Cash, W. A. V., House Castle, David S., House Davis, George R., House Dillingham, O. D. and Ada, House Dodd-Harkrider House Evans, J. W., House Federal Building Finley, Eugene L., House First Presbyterian Church Fritz, David C. and Docia, House Fulwiler, William J., House Goodloe, Albert S. and Ruth, House Green, Roland A. D., House Higginbotham, J. G., House Hilton Hotel Hughes, Ed S., Company Warehouse Jones, A. T., House Lanius, C. A., House Luce Hall Magee, J. D., House McDaniel, George W. and Lavina, House McDonald Hall McMurry College Administration Building Minter, William A., House Motz, Charles, House Old Taylor County Courthouse and Jail Paramount Theater Parramore Historic District Parramore, D. D., House Reading, Jhules, House Roberts, Nathan J. and Nancy, House Sacred Heart Catholic Church Sayles Boulevard Historic District Sayles, Henry, House State Epileptic Colony Historic District Stith, William and Evla, House Swenson, William and Shirley, House Thomas, Oscar P., House U.S. Weather Bureau Building Universal Manufacturing Company Building West Texas Utilities Company Power Plant Williamson, E. D., House Wooten, Horace O., Grocery Company Warehouse Wooten, Horace O., House Zabloudil-Hendrick House
The Texas Rangers, a famous law enforcement agency, were first organized in 1835 to protect settlers from Native American attacks.
Taylor County is located in the west-central region of Texas and has a rich and diverse history. The area that is now Taylor County was initially inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Comanche and Kiowa, before European settlers arrived. In the mid-19th century, the region became part of Texas and was officially established as Taylor County in 1858, named after Edward Taylor, a prominent figure in the Mexican-American War.

The early years of Taylor County were characterized by the hardships and challenges faced by the settlers. The area was sparsely populated, and conflicts with Native American tribes were common. However, with the development of the Texas and Pacific Railway in the late 19th century, Taylor County experienced a significant period of growth and development. The railroad sparked economic growth, attracting new settlers and industries to the area.

Agriculture played a vital role in Taylor County's history, with cotton being the dominant crop. The fertile soil and favorable climate allowed farmers to thrive, and cotton production became a major industry in the county. However, the agricultural boom was affected by various factors, including natural disasters and economic fluctuations, leading to both prosperity and challenges for the region's farmers.

Over the years, Taylor County has continued to evolve and diversify its economy. The discovery of oil in the early 20th century led to the establishment of the petroleum industry in the county, bringing new opportunities for growth and development. Today, Taylor County is a thriving community with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, oil and gas, manufacturing, education, and healthcare. The county's rich history is celebrated through its numerous historical sites and museums, providing a glimpse into the past while embracing the progress and future of the region.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Taylor County, Texas.

  • 1858 - Taylor County is officially formed and organized.
  • 1878 - Abilene becomes the county seat of Taylor County.
  • 1881 - The Texas and Pacific Railway is completed, increasing transportation and trade in Taylor County.
  • 1890 - Taylor County population reaches over 8,000 residents.
  • 1909 - Abilene Christian College (now Abilene Christian University) is established.
  • 1924 - Construction of the Lake Abilene dam begins.
  • 1930s - The Great Depression severely impacts Taylor County, causing economic hardship.
  • 1950 - Dyess Air Force Base is established, bringing economic growth to the county.
  • 1969 - Abilene becomes the first city in Texas to implement the "911" emergency telephone system.
  • 1999 - The Taylor County Expo Center opens, becoming a hub for events and exhibitions.
  • 2006 - The Abilene Zoo completes a major renovation, enhancing its facilities and exhibits.