State Antiquities Landmark in
Lampasas County, Texas

In the late 19th century, Texas became known for its cattle drives, in which cowboys would move herds of cattle from Texas to railheads in Kansas and other northern states. The cattle drives were dangerous and difficult work, but they played a key role in the development of the American cattle industry.
Lampasas County, located in central Texas, has a rich history that predates the arrival of European settlers. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Lipan Apache and Comanche. In the 1830s, as Anglo-American settlers began to move into Texas, conflicts with these tribes escalated.

In 1852, Lampasas County was officially established, named after the Lampasas River that runs through the area. The county quickly became a prominent agricultural region, with cotton being the primary crop. The arrival of the Texas and Land Company railroad in 1882 further stimulated the local economy, as it facilitated trade and transportation in the area.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Lampasas County also experienced economic growth due to the discovery of mineral resources. Manganese and zinc mining industries played a significant role in the county's development. Additionally, the city of Lampasas became a popular health resort destination, thanks to the therapeutic value of the local natural springs.

Throughout the years, Lampasas County has faced its fair share of challenges. The region went through difficult times during the Great Depression, with the decline of the agricultural industry. However, the county managed to bounce back and diversify its economy, embracing tourism and other industries. Today, Lampasas County remains a vibrant community with a blend of historical charm and modern development.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Lampasas County, Texas.

  • 1854 - Lampasas County is founded and named after the Lampasas River.
  • 1872 - The town of Lampasas becomes the county seat.
  • 1882 - The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway is completed through the county.
  • 1885 - The first oil well in central Texas is drilled in Lampasas County.
  • 1922 - The Hancock Springs Hotel, a popular health resort, is built.
  • 1949 - The Fort Hood military reservation is established, impacting the county's economy.
  • 1960s - The construction of the Highland Lakes dams brings tourism and recreation to the area.
  • 1990s - The county experiences population growth and increased development.