National Register Listings in
La Salle County, Texas

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In the late 19th century, Texas became known for its cattle drives, in which cowboys would move herds of cattle from Texas to railheads in Kansas and other northern states. The cattle drives were dangerous and difficult work, but they played a key role in the development of the American cattle industry.
La Salle County, located in the southern part of Texas, has a rich and varied history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Coahuiltecan and Karankawa peoples, who were hunter-gatherers. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century, and Spanish influence remained until Mexican independence in 1821.

In the early 19th century, the area that is now La Salle County became a part of the Republic of Texas after the Texas Revolution. It was named after René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, a French explorer who had ventured through the region in the 1680s. The county was officially established in 1858, and its first county seat was Old Frio City.

The discovery of oil in the mid-20th century brought significant changes to La Salle County. The influx of oil workers and the establishment of oil fields led to a boom in the local economy and population. With the growth of the oil industry, the county seat was moved from Cotulla to Encinal in 1881, and then back to Cotulla in 1892, where it remains today.

Over the years, La Salle County has also played a significant role in the ranching industry, with large cattle ranches dominating the landscape. Today, the county is known for its oil and gas production, as well as its agricultural activities. Despite the modernization and changes, La Salle County's history and heritage are still celebrated, and its past is evident in its cultural landmarks and traditions.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of La Salle County, Texas.

  • 1689 - French explorer, Henri Joutel, discovers La Salle County.
  • 18th century - Spanish colonization of the area begins.
  • 1821 - The area becomes a part of the Mexican Empire after gaining independence from Spain.
  • 1836 - Texas declares independence from Mexico.
  • 1848 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War, and La Salle County becomes a part of the United States.
  • 1858 - La Salle County is officially established.
  • 1883 - The first railroad reaches La Salle County, leading to growth and development.
  • 1900s - The discovery of oil and gas resources boosts the county's economy.
  • 1920s - The Great Depression negatively impacts the county's economy.
  • 1960s - The establishment of the Eagle Ford Shale formation leads to increased oil and gas production.
  • Present - La Salle County continues to be a hub for oil and gas exploration and production.