State Antiquities Landmark in
Jeff Davis County, Texas

The Alamo, a mission in San Antonio, is perhaps the most famous historical site in Texas. It was the site of a key battle during the Texas Revolution in 1836.
Jeff Davis County, located in the Big Bend region of Texas, has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Apache and Comanche, who roamed the rugged landscape and established a connection with the region's natural surroundings. This changed in the mid-1800s, when European settlers began venturing into the area in search of new opportunities.

The county was officially established on March 15, 1887, and was named in honor of Jefferson Davis, the president of the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Early settlers faced numerous challenges including rugged terrain, harsh weather conditions, and conflicts with Native American tribes. However, the area's rich natural resources, including fertile land and abundant water sources, attracted more settlers and contributed to the economic growth of the county.

With the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1882, the county experienced a period of growth and development. This led to the establishment of the county seat, Fort Davis, which became a vibrant hub of commerce, trade, and military presence. Fort Davis, named after the former Secretary of War and President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis, played a significant role in protecting settlers from Native American raids during the late 19th century.

Throughout the 20th century, Jeff Davis County continued to evolve, with the development of agriculture, ranching, and tourism industries. The county's rich natural beauty, including the Chihuahuan Desert and the stunning vistas of the Davis Mountains, attracted visitors and outdoor enthusiasts. Today, Jeff Davis County remains a unique blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and cultural diversity, making it an intriguing destination for those seeking a glimpse into the rich heritage and captivating landscapes of the American Southwest.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Jeff Davis County, Texas.

  • 1881: Jeff Davis County is established on March 15.
  • 1882: The town of Fort Davis becomes the county seat.
  • 1884: The county courthouse is completed.
  • 1890: The population of Jeff Davis County is 883.
  • 1911: The Alamito Creek Reservation is established.
  • 1929: Oil is discovered in the county, leading to increased economic activity.
  • 1930: The population of Jeff Davis County is 3,937.
  • 1942: The Fort Davis National Historic Site is established.
  • 1963: Davis Mountains State Park opens.
  • 1992: The population of Jeff Davis County is 1,863.
  • 2003: The Madera Wind Farm begins operation.