Historical Markers in
Hill County, Texas

Abbott Abbott Baptist Church Abbott Cemetery Abbott House Abbott Schools Abbott United Methodist Church Abbott's Grove Anvil Park Ranch Bass Fishing in Texas Birome Blum Cemetery Boesch House Bond's Alley Brin House Buffalo Wallow Battle Ground Bynum School Canadian River Trails Carver Homestead Cataline Cemetery Central Christian Church (Disciples of Christ of Hillsboro) City of Hillsboro Col. Leonard Williams Condor House Confederate Veterans and Old Settlers Reunion Grounds Cottonwood Cemetery Covington Cemetery Czech Settlers in Hill County Davis Home Derden Cemetery Dodson Cemetery Edith Ford Memorial Cemetery Eller Flat Cemetery Erected in Memory of Phillip Nolan Eureka Cemetery Fairview Cemetery Files, David, Home (razed) Files, F. Marion, Home First Baptist Church of Canadian First Baptist Church of Hillsboro First Baptist Church of Mt. Calm First Church Bell First Methodist Church of Hubbard First National Bank of Canadian First Presbyterian Church of Itasca Fletcher and Donley Stage Station Former Site of Hogtown Fort Graham Fort Graham Cemetery Frazierville Community and School Gageby Cemetery Gathings College Gebhardt Bakery Gen. Nelson Miles Expedition (Headquarters Dugout) Gene Howe Wildlife Management Area George L. and Roxie Brooks Porter Home George Washington Savage German Settlers in Hill County Glazier Cemetery Graham-Mason Cemetery Gus Bailey Hammel's Branch Hemphill County Hemphill County Jail Hill County Hill County Courthouse Hill County Jail Hill county, C.S.A. Hillboro Junior College Hillsboro City Cemetery Hillsboro Post Office Building Historic Bank Site Historic Cottonwood -(133 yards east to site of) Historic Trails Hometown of Tris Speaker Hot Mineral Water Well Hubbard Hubbard City News Hubbard High School Huron Itasca Railroad Depot Ivy-Atchison Pioneer Home J. T. Baker House J. W. Freeland J. W. Park Home James L. Harris Jesse Walling John A. Kimberlin Residence John C. Walling John Hemphill John P. Cox Jones Mansion Katy Depot Kerby Community King Memorial United Methodist Church L.C. McKamie Lackawanna Ranch Lebanon United Methodist Church Lumpkin House Mary B. Isaacs McDaniel Family Home McKinnon - Anderson House Mertens Baptist Church Moody Hotel Mt. Calm Methodist Church Nathaniel Addison Old Brandon Mill Old Carr Ranch Old G. D. Tarlton House Old Lebanon Cemetery Old Military Road Peabody School Peoria Cemetery Peoria Cumberland Presbyterian Church Pioneer Bank Building Pleasant Hill Missionary Baptist Church Prairie Dale Cemetery Prairie Valley Community R. Dick Bussell Richland Cemetery Rigsby Home Robert R. Young Route of Marcy Trail Salem Cemetery Salem Cemetery Salem Lutheran Church Scott's Chapel Cemetery Sims-Womack House Site of Arnotville School Site of Early Cattle Trail Site of Fort Smith Site of Lyman's Wagon Train Batttle Site of Old Lexington Village Site of Old Springer's Road Ranch Site of Switzer College Southwestern Presbyterian Home and School for Orphans Spivey Crossing St. Mary's Episcopal Church Taylor, J.A., Home (MARKER GONE) The Former Canadian Hospital The Savage Schools Tom T. McGee Towash Town of Aquilla Town of Penelope Turner House W. C. T. U. Building Washita Cemetery Whitney Whitney Memorial Park Whitney Messenger Woodbury Missionary Baptist Church
The first domed stadium in the world, the Astrodome, was built in Houston in 1965 and hosted numerous sporting events and concerts over the years.
Hill County, located in Central Texas, has a rich history that dates back to the early Native American tribes who inhabited the region before European settlement. The area was primarily occupied by the Tonkawa and Comanche tribes, who relied on hunting and gathering for their sustenance. However, the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 16th century marked the beginning of significant changes for Hill County.

In the early 1800s, settlers from the United States began to arrive in Hill County, attracted by the fertile land and opportunities for farming. The Republic of Texas was established in 1836, and Hill County was founded in 1853, named after Dr. George Washington Hill, an early settler and land surveyor. The county seat was initially established in Hillsborough but later moved to Hillsboro.

During the Civil War, Hill County was divided in its loyalties, with some residents supporting the Confederacy and others remaining loyal to the Union. The war took a toll on the area, leading to economic decline and agricultural setbacks. However, with the end of the war and efforts to rebuild, the county gradually recovered.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Hill County saw significant growth and development. The arrival of the railroad in the 1880s brought new opportunities for trade and transportation, leading to the establishment of new towns and communities. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became a mainstay of the county's economy, with numerous cotton gins and mills scattered throughout the area.

Today, Hill County is a vibrant community with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, healthcare, education, and manufacturing. It boasts a rich cultural heritage, with historic landmarks and sites, museums, and annual events that celebrate its history. From its early Native American roots to its role in the development of Central Texas, Hill County continues to thrive as a testament to the tenacity and perseverance of its residents.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Hill County, Texas.

  • 1853: Hill County established as one of the 36 original counties of Texas.
  • 1854: Hillsboro becomes the county seat.
  • 1860s: Hill County experiences rapid growth due to the cattle industry and the arrival of the railroad.
  • 1873: The Hill County Courthouse, a two-story wooden structure, is completed.
  • 1882: The Courthouse is destroyed by a fire.
  • 1886: Construction of a new courthouse begins.
  • 1890: The current Hill County Courthouse, a magnificent Romanesque Revival architectural style building, is completed.
  • 1900s: Hill County faces numerous challenges, including droughts, the Great Depression, and the decline of the cotton industry.
  • 1940s: Hill County experiences a surge in population and economic growth due to World War II and the establishment of military bases in the region.
  • 1950s-1960s: Construction of Lake Whitney provides recreational opportunities and helps boost the local economy.
  • 2000s: Hill County continues to develop and diversify its economy, focusing on agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.