State Antiquities Landmarks in
Harrison County, Texas

Texas is known for its love of football, and the state has produced many great football players, including legends like Tom Landry, Earl Campbell, and Vince Young.
Harrison County, located in northeastern Texas, has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. The area was originally inhabited by several Native American tribes, including the Caddo and Cherokee. In 1839, the Republic of Texas incorporated Harrison County, naming it after Jonas Harrison, a lawyer and Texas revolutionary. The county quickly became an important center for commerce and government.

During the mid-19th century, Harrison County played a significant role in the development of Texas. The discovery of oil in the nearby East Texas Oil Field in 1930 brought prosperity and growth to the county. This led to the establishment of several oil companies, driving economic development and creating job opportunities for local residents.

Harrison County was also deeply impacted by slavery and the Civil War. Prior to the war, the county was home to numerous large plantations that relied on enslaved labor for agricultural production. The war left a lasting impact on the county, which continued to struggle with racial tensions and inequality in the years following the war.

Today, Harrison County remains an important part of Texas history and boasts a diverse and vibrant community. The county is home to a number of historic sites, including the Texas and Pacific Railway Depot and the W.C. Dewberry Home and Museum, which showcase the area's rich cultural heritage. With its blend of history and modern progress, Harrison County continues to be a significant contributor to the growth and development of Texas.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Harrison County, Texas.

  • 1839 - Harrison County established as a county in the Republic of Texas
  • 1840 - Marshall becomes the county seat of Harrison County
  • 1861-1865 - Harrison County residents serve in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War
  • 1873 - Great Fire of Marshall destroys much of the city
  • 1881 - First telephone exchange established in Marshall
  • 1902 - Texas and Pacific Railway brings economic growth to the county
  • 1930s - Oil discovery leads to an economic boom in Harrison County
  • 1979 - East Texas Oil Museum opens in Kilgore, showcasing the region's oil industry
  • 2005 - Hurricane Rita causes significant damage to the county
  • 2020 - Present day