National Register Listings in
Hardeman County, Texas

Texas was once an independent country: After winning its independence from Mexico in 1836, Texas became its own country, known as the Republic of Texas. It existed as an independent nation for nine years before being annexed by the United States in 1845.
Hardeman County, Texas has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to the mid-19th century. The area was originally home to Native American tribes, including the Kiowa, Comanche, and Tonkawa. However, the county was officially established in 1858 and named after Bailey Hardeman, a prominent Texas politician.

During the late 1800s, Hardeman County experienced significant growth and development. Settlers began to arrive in the area, attracted by the fertile land and opportunities for farming and ranching. The town of Quanah emerged as the county seat and quickly became a hub of economic activity.

The county played a significant role in the Texas cattle industry. Ranchers established large cattle ranches, and the famous 6666 Ranch, owned by Samuel Burk Burnett, became one of the most renowned in the area. The cattle industry thrived until the late 1800s when severe droughts devastated the region. Many ranchers were forced to sell their land or move their herds elsewhere.

In the early 1900s, oil was discovered in nearby Wichita County, leading to an economic boom in Hardeman County. The town of Quanah became a major center for oil production, attracting oil companies and workers from all over the country. This oil boom brought prosperity to the county, and many businesses and infrastructure were developed during this time.

Throughout the 20th century, Hardeman County experienced ups and downs, with periods of economic growth and challenges. The agriculture industry, including ranching and cotton farming, has remained an important part of the county's economy. Today, Hardeman County is known for its rural charm, historic landmarks, and strong sense of community.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Hardeman County, Texas.

  • 1858 - Hardeman County is established by the Texas state legislature.
  • 1884 - Quanah is designated as the county seat.
  • Late 1800s - Cattle ranching becomes a major industry in the county.
  • 1918-1919 - The county experiences an oil boom.
  • 1924 - Hardeman County Airport is established.
  • Mid-1900s - Agriculture becomes the primary industry in the county, with cotton and wheat being major crops.
  • 1969 - Copper Breaks State Park is opened to the public.
  • 1974 - The county courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Late 1900s to present - Oil and gas production continue to play a significant role in the county's economy.