State Antiquities Landmarks in
Guadalupe County, Texas

The Texas Rangers, a famous law enforcement agency, were first organized in 1835 to protect settlers from Native American attacks.
Guadalupe County, located in south-central Texas, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Coahuiltecan, Karankawa, and Tonkawa tribes. These indigenous communities thrived off the region's abundant waterways and natural resources.

The area came under Spanish rule in the 18th century when Spanish explorers and missionaries arrived. In 1756, the Spanish established the Mission Nuestra SeƱora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches near present-day Seguin, marking the beginning of European settlement in the area. The mission was intended to convert and provide shelter for Native Americans, but it was eventually abandoned due to conflicts with local tribes.

During the turbulent years of the 19th century, Guadalupe County witnessed significant changes. In 1836, the Battle of the Alamo and the Texas Revolution prompted a wave of Anglo-American settlers to move into the area. The county was officially established in 1846, and soon after, it became an important center for agriculture, particularly cotton production.

The county's growth continued during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The arrival of the railroad in the 1870s brought increased economic opportunities and facilitated trade with other regions of the state. By the early 20th century, Guadalupe County had a thriving economy with industries such as agriculture, oil and gas, and manufacturing.

Today, Guadalupe County retains its agricultural heritage while also being home to a diverse mix of industries and communities. It offers a unique blend of rural charm, natural beauty, and a growing suburban area. With its rich historical background and vibrant present, Guadalupe County remains an essential part of the Lone Star State.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Guadalupe County, Texas.

  • 1838: Guadalupe County is established as a county in the Republic of Texas.
  • 1846: Guadalupe County becomes a part of the state of Texas after Texas is annexed by the United States.
  • 1848: The county seat of Guadalupe County is established in Seguin.
  • 1861-1865: Guadalupe County is greatly affected by the American Civil War.
  • 1876: The courthouse in Seguin is destroyed by fire but is rebuilt the following year.
  • Late 1800s: The county experiences significant growth with the introduction of the railroad and the development of agriculture and industry.
  • Early 1900s: Guadalupe County experiences further growth with the discovery of oil and gas in the area.
  • 1930s-1940s: Guadalupe County suffers from the effects of the Great Depression and World War II.
  • 1960s-1970s: The county experiences growth and development with the construction of Interstate 10 and the expansion of the petrochemical industry.
  • 2000s: Guadalupe County continues to grow and attract new residents and businesses.