The Texas Rangers, a famous law enforcement agency, were first organized in 1835 to protect settlers from Native American attacks.
Garza County, located in west-central Texas, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Comanches, Apaches, and Kiowas, who lived off the land and engaged in trade and conflict with one another.

In the 1870s, the arrival of European settlers brought significant changes to the area. The county was officially organized in 1876 and named after José Antonio de la Garza, a prominent Tejano leader. Ranching quickly became the dominant industry, and the establishment of cattle ranches contributed to the growth and development of the county.

The Great Depression of the 1930s took a toll on Garza County, as it did on much of rural America. Many residents faced financial hardships, but the county received a boost during this time with the establishment of the Caprock Canyon State Park. The park, which opened in 1982, offers stunning landscapes for outdoor enthusiasts and has become a significant tourism attraction in the region.

In recent years, Garza County has continued to evolve and diversify its economy. The oil and gas industry has become an important economic driver, contributing to job growth and increased prosperity in the area. Agriculture still plays a vital role, with the production of cotton, wheat, and hay being significant contributors to the local economy.

Today, Garza County is a vibrant community that celebrates its western heritage while embracing modern industries. The area offers a unique combination of natural beauty, recreational opportunities, and a welcoming community spirit that continues to attract visitors and residents alike.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Garza County, Texas.

  • 1876 - Garza County is officially established, named after a prominent Mexican ranching family.
  • 1883 - The first post office in the county opens.
  • 1890 - The county seat is established in Post City.
  • 1892 - The Santa Fe Railroad begins operating in the county.
  • 1917 - The first oil well is drilled, leading to a short-lived oil boom.
  • 1933 - The Civilian Conservation Corps establishes a camp in the county, providing employment during the Great Depression.
  • 1956 - The White River Reservoir is completed, providing a reliable water source.
  • 1973 - The Garza County Historical Museum is founded to preserve the county's history.
  • 2014 - Garza County celebrates its 138th anniversary.