National Register Listings in
Galveston County, Texas

American National Insurance Company (ANICO) Ashbel Smith Building Ashton Villa Bayou Brae Historic District Beissner, Henry, House Bishop's Palace Broadway Cemetery Historic District Building at 1921-1921 1/2 Avenue D Building at 1925-1927 Market Street Cedar Lawn Historic District City Hall City National Bank Davison, Frank B., House Denver Court Historic District East End Historic District Eiband's ELISSA Falstaff Brewery First Evangelical Lutheran Church First Presbyterian Church Fort Travis Galveston Causeway Galveston Orphans Home Galveston Seawall Galveston US Post Office, Custom House and Courthouse Galveston, Houston & Henderson (GH&H) Freight Depot Galvez Hotel Garten Verein Pavilion Grace Episcopal Church Grand Opera House Hagemann, John, House House at 2017-2023 Avenue I House at 2528 Postoffice St. Hutchings, Sealy, House I.O.O.F. Lodge Illies Building-Justine Apartments Jean Lafitte Hotel Kempner, Daniel Webster, House Lasker Home for Homeless Children Levy, E.S., Building Lost Bayou Historic District Marschner Building McKinney-McDonald House Melrose Apartment Building Menard, Michel B., House Merimax Building Model Laundry Moore, Col. Hugh B. and Helen, House Mosquito Fleet Berth, Pier 19 Old Galveston Customhouse Pix Building Point Bolivar Lighthouse Powhatan House Quigg-Baulard House Reedy Chapel-AME Church Robinson Building Rosenberg Library Scottish Rite Cathedral Sealy, George, House Shaw, M. W., Building Silk Stocking Residential Historic District St. Joseph's Church St. Mary's Cathedral Star Drug Store Steffens-Drewa House Complex Strand Historic District, The Stringfellow Orchards Sweeney-Royston House Texas Building Texas Heroes Monument The Settlement Historic District Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church Trueheart-Adriance Building U.S. National Bank USS CAVALLA (submarine) USS STEWART Williams, Samuel May, House Willis-Moody Mansion
The first oil well in the United States was drilled in Texas in 1859. The discovery of oil transformed the economy of the state and helped to make Texas one of the wealthiest states in the nation.
Galveston County, located on the Gulf Coast of Texas, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back centuries. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes for thousands of years before European explorers arrived in the 16th century. Spanish explorers were among the first to visit the region, followed by French and English explorers in the 17th and 18th centuries.

In 1816, Pirate Jean Lafitte established a short-lived settlement on Galveston Island, which became a haven for smugglers and criminals. However, the pirate era came to an end when the Mexican government took control of Texas and drove out Lafitte and his fellow pirates.

The 19th century saw Galveston County become a major seaport and commercial center. In 1839, the city of Galveston was founded and quickly grew in size and prosperity. The city became an important hub for the Texas cotton industry and played a significant role in the Texas Revolution and the Civil War.

However, Galveston faced numerous challenges throughout its history, including devastating hurricanes. The most notable was the Great Storm of 1900, which remains the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history, claiming thousands of lives and causing extensive damage. Despite the destruction, Galveston rebuilt and implemented engineering projects, including the construction of a seawall, to protect the city from future hurricanes.

Today, Galveston County is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, historic architecture, and vibrant cultural scene. The county has successfully preserved its rich heritage while embracing modern development, making it a unique and diverse place to visit and live.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Galveston County, Texas.

  • 1528 - Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot on Galveston Island
  • 1816 - Pirate Jean Lafitte establishes a base on Galveston Island
  • 1825 - Galveston becomes a port of entry for the newly formed Republic of Mexico
  • 1836 - Galveston becomes an important port during the Texas Revolution
  • 1839 - The City of Galveston is officially incorporated
  • 1854 - Galveston becomes the largest city in Texas
  • 1900 - Galveston is struck by a devastating hurricane, resulting in over 6,000 deaths
  • 1901 - Oil is discovered in nearby Spindletop, leading to a period of economic growth
  • 1957 - The world's first offshore drilling rig is built in Galveston
  • 2008 - Hurricane Ike causes significant damage to Galveston