National Register Listing in
Edwards County, Texas

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Texas was once a part of Mexico but gained independence in 1836 after a famous battle at the Alamo.
Edwards County, Texas is located in the southern part of the state and has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, such as the Lipan Apache and the Comanche tribes. These tribes thrived on hunting, gathering, and trading in the area.

In the 16th century, Spanish explorers began to venture into the region, claiming the land for Spain. However, it wasn't until the 18th century that the Spanish government established several missions and presidios in the area, including the Presidio de San Sabá. These missions aimed to convert the indigenous peoples to Christianity and establish a Spanish presence in the region.

During the early 19th century, Edwards County played a significant role in the fight for Texas independence from Mexico. In 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto, a crucial turning point in the Texas Revolution, took place near present-day Edwards County. The Republic of Texas was formed shortly after, and Edwards County became part of the new nation.

As the 19th century progressed, settlers began to move into Edwards County, establishing ranches and farms. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw fluctuations in the population and economy of the county, as the region faced challenges such as conflicts with Native American tribes and the effects of the Great Depression.

Today, Edwards County is known for its beautiful landscapes, including the scenic Edwards Plateau. Ranching and hunting are still important economic activities in the area. The county's rich history and natural beauty continue to attract visitors who come to explore its historic sites, enjoy outdoor activities, and experience the unique culture and heritage of Edwards County, Texas.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Edwards County, Texas.

  • 1760s: The area of Edwards County is inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Lipan Apache and Comanche.
  • 1825: The Mexican government grants a land grant called the Beales-Miller Grant, which includes the land that later becomes Edwards County.
  • 1838: The Texas legislature establishes Edwards County as a separate entity, named after Haden Edwards, an empresario who had a role in the Anglo-American colonization of Texas.
  • 1872: The county seat is established in Rocksprings, which becomes the center of government and commerce for Edwards County.
  • 1913: The construction of the South Texas Railroad brings new settlers and economic opportunities to Edwards County.
  • 1927: The discovery of oil in Edwards County leads to an oil boom, sparking rapid growth and development in the area.
  • 1940s: The population of Edwards County peaks, as the oil industry brings in more workers and businesses.
  • 1950s-1970s: The oil industry experiences a decline, leading to a decrease in population and economic activity in Edwards County.
  • 1980s-present: Edwards County experiences a shift towards ranching and tourism, with the natural beauty of the area becoming a draw for visitors.