National Register Listings in
Maury County, Tennessee

Amis, Jonathan, House Ashwood Rural Historic District Athenaeum, The Beechlawn Advance and Retreat Blythewood Booker, Merritt H., House Breckenridge Hatter's Shop Cheairs, Martin, House Church House Cleburne Jersey Farm Clifton Place Columbia Arsenal Columbia Central High School Columbia Commercial Historic District Columbia Hydroelectric Station Columbia West End Historic District Culleoka Methodist Episcopal Church, South Derryberry House Elm Springs Ewell Farm Fairmont First United Methodist Church of Columbia Frierson, Lucius, House Gordon, John, House Grace Episcopal Church Hamilton Place Hardison Mill Farm Kennedy, James, House Maguire, Patrick, House Mayes, Dr. Samuel, House Mayes-Hutton House Mercer Hall Miller, Washington, House Mount Pleasant Commercial Historic District North Main Street Historic District Pillow Place Pillow-Bethel House Pine Hill Pleasant Historic District Pleasant Mount Cumberland Presbyterian Church Polk Sisters' House Polk, James K., House Pottsville General Store Prewitt-Amis-Finney House Rally Hill Rattle and Snap Rippavilla Ritter-Morton House Scott, Andrew, House Skipwith Hall Spring Hill Presbyterian Church St. John's Episcopal Church St. Mark United Primitive Baptist Church St. Peter's Episcopal Church State Bank of Tennessee Thompson, Absalom, House Union Station United States Post Office and Court House Vine Hill Walnut Grove Watkins, William, House Webster Farm Webster, George, House West Sixth Street and Mayes Place Historic District White Hall Zion Presbyterian Church
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, played a crucial role in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II. It was also a key site for nuclear research during the Cold War.
Maury County, located in Middle Tennessee, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to prehistoric times. The area was initially home to Native American tribes, including the Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Shawnee. European settlers began arriving in the late 18th century, with the establishment of Fort Hampton in 1807 as a defense against Native American attacks. This paved the way for the creation of Maury County in 1807, named after Revolutionary War veteran Abram Poindexter Maury.

During the early 19th century, Maury County quickly grew in population and importance. The county became a center for agriculture, particularly tobacco, as well as cotton and hemp. The arrival of the railroad in the 1850s further fueled economic growth and enabled trade. The county seat, Columbia, saw the construction of impressive antebellum homes and became a hub for education and culture.

However, the prosperity of Maury County was interrupted by the American Civil War. The county witnessed significant battles, including the Battle of Spring Hill and the Battle of Franklin. The destruction and loss of life in these battles were devastating for the local community. After the war, Maury County experienced a slow recovery, but thanks to its fertile soil and favorable climate, the agricultural economy gradually rebounded.

By the 20th century, Maury County embraced industrialization and diversification of its economy. The county's manufacturing sector expanded, attracting companies such as Murray Ohio Manufacturing, which produced bicycles and lawnmowers. The county also experienced advancements in education and infrastructure, with the establishment of Columbia State Community College and the construction of highways.

Today, Maury County continues to blend its rich historical heritage with modern development. The area boasts a thriving agricultural community, vibrant arts scene, and a growing tourism industry. Visitors can explore historical sites, such as the President James K. Polk Home and Museum, the Athenaeum, and the Rippavilla Plantation. Maury County's commitment to preserving its past while embracing progress ensures a bright future for this dynamic Tennessee county.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Maury County, Tennessee.

  • 1807 - Maury County was established on November 16, 1807, as a result of an Act of the Tennessee General Assembly.
  • 1818 - Columbia, the county seat, was incorporated on November 26, 1818.
  • 1828 - James K. Polk, the 11th President of the United States, moved to Columbia, TN, and began his political career.
  • 1836 - The county experienced a boom due to the opening of the Duck River Navigation Company, making Columbia an important center for commerce.
  • 1861-1865 - Maury County, like the rest of Tennessee, was torn by the American Civil War.
  • 1884 - The Columbia Railway System began operation, connecting Columbia to other parts of Middle Tennessee.
  • 1928 - The James K. Polk Ancestral Home in Columbia became a designated National Historic Site.
  • 1963 - Rippavilla Plantation, a historic Greek Revival mansion, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1990 - The population of Maury County reached 59,343, marking significant growth over the years.
  • 2010 - The Maury County Park was established, providing a recreational area for residents.