The Oak Ridge National Laboratory, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, played a crucial role in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II. It was also a key site for nuclear research during the Cold War.
Marshall County, Tennessee, located in the southern part of the state, has a rich and diverse history. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Cherokee and Chickasaw, who relied on the fertile land along the Duck River for sustenance. However, in the early 19th century, European settlers began to encroach on their land.

In 1836, Marshall County was officially established, named after Chief Justice John Marshall. The county quickly grew as more settlers arrived, attracted by the fertile soil and opportunities for farming. Agriculture became the backbone of the local economy, with cotton, tobacco, and livestock becoming major industries. The arrival of the railroad in the 1850s further stimulated economic growth, as it provided better access to markets and attracted new businesses.

During the American Civil War, Marshall County played a significant role. As a border county, it experienced both Union and Confederate control throughout the conflict. The Battle of Thompson's Station, fought in 1863, saw Confederate forces led by General Earl Van Dorn clash with Union troops under General Gordon Granger. The Union ultimately prevailed, and the battle had a lasting impact on the county, with many local buildings used as hospitals for wounded soldiers.

In the years following Reconstruction, Marshall County faced challenges but also experienced progress and modernization. The construction of dams along the Duck River in the early 20th century brought hydroelectric power to the area, improving the quality of life for residents. Today, Marshall County continues to thrive as a diverse community, with a combination of agriculture, manufacturing, and small businesses providing economic stability. The county's historical significance and natural beauty make it an attractive destination for tourists and a place with a deep sense of pride among its residents.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Marshall County, Tennessee.

  • 1807 - Marshall County is established.
  • 1817 - The county courthouse is constructed.
  • 1836 - The county seat is moved from Cornersville to Lewisburg.
  • 1840 - The first census of Marshall County is conducted.
  • 1861-1865 - Marshall County residents actively participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1865 - The Battle of Henryville takes place during the Civil War.
  • 1924 - The Lewisburg Railroad Depot is built.
  • 1939 - Henry Horton State Park opens, attracting visitors to the county.
  • 1998 - The Marshall County Courthouse burns down due to a fire.
  • 2006 - The new Marshall County Courthouse is completed and dedicated.