The first recorded gold rush in the United States occurred in Tennessee in the early 19th century. The discovery of gold in the state's Cherokee lands sparked a rush of settlers and miners hoping to strike it rich.
Johnson County, located in the northeastern region of Tennessee, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to prehistoric times. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and Shawnee, who relied on the plentiful natural resources for their sustenance.

In the early 19th century, European settlers began to arrive in the area, attracted by the fertile valleys and abundant wildlife. The county was officially established in 1836 and named after Thomas Johnson, a state legislator. It quickly grew in population, attracting settlers from various backgrounds including farmers, loggers, and miners.

During the Civil War, Johnson County was divided in its loyalties, with some residents supporting the Union cause while others sided with the Confederacy. The region saw sporadic violence and raids by both sides throughout the war. After the war, the county faced a period of economic hardship, but with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century, the economy experienced a revival. Farmers were able to transport their products more easily, and logging and mining industries flourished.

In the 20th century, Johnson County continued to develop, with the establishment of schools, healthcare facilities, and businesses. The county's natural beauty and recreational opportunities attracted tourists and outdoor enthusiasts. Today, Johnson County is known for its picturesque landscapes, friendly communities, and strong sense of heritage. It remains largely rural and agricultural, with a focus on preserving its natural resources while embracing the opportunities of the modern world.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Johnson County, Tennessee.

  • 1777: Johnson County is formed as a part of North Carolina.
  • 1784: The county becomes a part of the state of Tennessee when it is established.
  • 1836: The county's first courthouse is constructed in Taylorsville.
  • 1854: The county seat is moved to Mountain City.
  • 1865: The Civil War ends, and Johnson County slowly rebuilds.
  • 1887: The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad reaches the county, boosting its economy.
  • 1919: Shady Valley School is established.
  • 1925: The first paved road in the county is completed.
  • 1948: The first hospital opens in Johnson County.
  • 1970: The Doe Mountain Recreation Area is established.
  • 2004: The town of Mountain City celebrates its bicentennial.