National Register Listings in
Hancock County, Tennessee

The city of Memphis, Tennessee, was the site of the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968. The Lorraine Motel, where Dr. King was staying, is now the National Civil Rights Museum.
Hancock County, Tennessee, located in the northeastern part of the state, has a rich and diverse history. The county was formed in 1844 from parts of Claiborne and Hawkins counties and was named after John Hancock, one of America's Founding Fathers. Initially, the area was inhabited by the Native American Cherokee tribe, who were later forced out during the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

During the early years of settlement, Hancock County experienced rapid growth as pioneers arrived in search of fertile land for agriculture. The county's economy was primarily based on farming, with tobacco becoming a significant cash crop. The region also witnessed the construction of the Clinch River, which allowed for transportation and trade to flourish.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Hancock County faced numerous challenges, including economic decline and limited infrastructure development. However, the area experienced a resurgence in the mid-20th century with the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The TVA project brought new opportunities for employment and improved access to electricity, leading to substantial economic growth in the county.

In recent decades, Hancock County has focused on preserving its natural beauty and promoting tourism. The county is home to several parks and campgrounds, including the beautiful Hancock County Campground, offering visitors opportunities for outdoor recreation, such as hiking, fishing, and boating. Additionally, the county has worked to maintain its cultural heritage by preserving historic buildings and hosting events celebrating its Appalachian roots. Hancock County continues to evolve, blending its rich history with modern advancements to create a vibrant community.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Hancock County, Tennessee.

  • 1779 - Hancock County, TN was established by the state legislature.
  • 1790 - The first permanent settlement was founded in the area.
  • 1796 - Tennessee became the 16th state of the United States.
  • 1820 - The county's population reached 1,600 residents.
  • 1848 - The county seat was established in the town of Sneedville.
  • 1861-1865 - Hancock County, along with the rest of Tennessee, was divided during the American Civil War.
  • 1900s - The county experienced significant population growth due to coal mining activities in the area.
  • 1929 - The Great Depression affected the county, leading to economic hardships for its residents.
  • 1967 - The construction of the Cherokee Reservoir was completed, providing a source of recreational activities and water supply for the county.
  • 2000s - Hancock County faced challenges related to poverty and limited economic opportunities.